Cheat Sheet

  • How Aadhaar's Virtual ID Works: All You Need To Know
    For increased privacy of Aadhaar holders, the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has introduced a temporary 16-digit virtual ID for Aadhaar holders that can be used in place of their Aadhaar numbers for authentication purposes. The new system, aimed at minimising instances of leak and misuse of Aadhaar numbers, will be effective from end of March. The announcement comes at a time when privacy concerns around Aadhaar are at peak after a newspaper expose on unauthorised access of the UIDAI database earlier this month.
  • Temporary 16-Digit Virtual ID To Secure Aadhaar Data Privacy: 10 Points
    People can share a randomly-generated 16-digit temporary number instead of their Aadhaar number starting from March-end to authenticate their identity for various services. The UIDAI - the authority that runs the government's Aadhaar programme - said today the initiative, which is aimed at minimising instances of leak and misuse of Aadhaar numbers, would enhance privacy of the 119 crore people issued the identification number. The UIDAI, which had been working on the "Virtual ID" for months, made the announcement at a time privacy concerns around Aadhaar peaked after a newspaper expose on unauthorised access of its database earlier this month.
  • Single Brand Retail, Construction Get Big FDI Push: 10 Points
    The Cabinet today liberalised FDI or foreign direct investment in key sectors including allowing 100 per cent FDI under automatic route in single brand retail trading. It also allowed foreign airlines to invest up to 49 per cent under approval route in national carrier Air India. This move is expected to expedite the divestment process for Air India. It is also likely to benefit big foreign single-brand retailers such as IKEA. 100 per cent FDI in construction development via automatic route was also cleared. The decision was taken during the Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Measures taken by the government have resulted in increased FDI inflows into the country. In the financial year 2016-17, a total of $60.08 billion was received in FDI - which is an all-time high.
  • "Not Love Jihad, We're <i>Pyaar Ishq</i> Guys": Jignesh Mevani At Delhi Rally: 10 Facts
    Dalit leader and Gujarat lawmaker Jignesh Mevani today took on Prime Minister Narendra Modi at a rally in Delhi, which was held amid heavy police presence. The police had denied permission for the Youth Hunkar rally and as the organisers decided to proceed with it, deployed nearly 15,000 personnel - armed with water cannons and tear gas -- at the heart of the national capital. Calling the situation "unfortunate", Mr Mevani said the government was "targeting" him. Last week, a case was filed against the 37-year-old lawyer activist following the caste clashes near Pune that spread and affected the parts of Maharashtra for three days.
  • Not Changing H-1B Rules, Says US, In Big Relief For Indian Techies: 10 Points
    The US today said it was not considering any change in H1B visa rules that would force half the Indian workforce in the country to leave. The clarification came in the wake of media reports of a proposed tweak in the laws, which triggered strong opposition from Indians, advocacy groups and a section of US lawmakers. The tweak, the report had said, was meant as part of president Donald Trump's "Buy American, Hire American" initiative, which could lead to the deportation of 7,50,000 Indians, most of whom were working as techies.
  • Amid Anger Over Aadhaar Case, Court Backs Freedom of Expression: 10 Facts
    As the police case against journalists who exposed the gaps in security network of the world's largest biometric system, Aadhaar, triggered outrage, the government today said it was "committed" to the freedom of the Press. Law minister Ravi Shankar Prasad tweeted to say the FIR is against unknown persons and the journalists and the biometric authority UIDAI have been asked to help the police. The Supreme Court which is hearing a petition challenging the validity of Aadhaar, meanwhile, made it clear that politicians should "allow freedom of expression" during the hearing on another case.
  • What The Supreme Court Said On Section 377: Here's A Look
    The Supreme Court of India has referred a plea seeking decriminalisation of gay sex between two consenting adults to larger bench. A top court bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices A M Khanwilkar and D Y Chandrachud said the issue arising out of section 377 of the Indian Penal Code required to be debated upon by a larger bench. Section 377 is a law that dates back to 1800, and criminalises anal and oral sex, as unnatural sex and says that it is against the order of nature. The Supreme Court's observations came after petitions filed by Aman Nath, the owner of Neemrana hotels, Navtej Johar, a classical dancer, celebrity chef Ritu Dalmia, former editor Sunil Mehra and restauranteur Ayesha Kapur. The Court has issued a notice to the Centre seeking its response on the issue.
  • Supreme Court To Revisit 2013 Verdict Criminalising Gay Sex: 10 Points
    Whether homosexuality should be a crime in India will be reexamined by the Supreme Court, which had in 2013 restored a controversial British-era ban on gay sex. No one should have to live in fear because of their sexuality, said three Supreme Court judges including Chief Justice Dipak Misra today, asking a larger group of judges to review Section 377, the 1861 law that criminalises sexual activities "against the order of nature". Responding to a legal challenge by five high-profile petitioners who say they are living in fear of being punished, the judges said: "What is natural to one may not be natural to others."
  • New Rs 10 In 10 Points, Old Rs 10 To Be Valid
    The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will shortly issue new banknotes of Rs 10 denomination, the central bank said on Friday. The RBI added that while it is releasing new notes, it is not discontinuing the old Rs 10 notes. All the banknotes in the denomination of Rs 10 issued by the RBI in the earlier series will continue to be legal tender, said the central bank. The new Rs 10 notes will be in the Mahatma Gandhi (new) series, bearing signature of RBI Governor Dr Urjit R Patel.
  • Lalu Yadav Gets 3.5 Years In Jail, 10 Lakh Fine In Fodder Scam: 10 Facts
    Bihar's veteran politician Lalu Yadav, who was convicted in a second case of fodder scam -- involving the embezzlement of more than Rs. 89 lakh in government funds -- was given three-and-a-half-year's jail term and a fine of Rs 10 lakh by a special court in Ranchi today. It is unclear whether the 69-year-old will be able to walk out of jail in the near future. In Patna, Mr Yadav's son Tejashwi Yadav, who held an emergency strategy meet with the leaders of his Rashtriya Janata Dal, said, "The judiciary has performed its duty. We will go to the High Court after studying the sentence and apply for a bail". The former Chief Minister, who is in Ranchi's Birsa Munda Jail, received his sentence through video-conference.
  • Airlines Pulled Up For Misbehaviour By Staff, Long Check-In Queues: 10 Facts
    In a stinging indictment of the aviation sector in the country, a parliamentary standing committee has hit out strongly at both the government and airlines such as IndiGo and Jet. Consumers are at the mercy of the private airlines for any kind of services, the panel headed by Trinamool Congress' Derek O'Brien said, and went on to fault the government adopting the open sky policy without laying down the necessary guidelines. "The civil aviation sector is fraught with unprofessional behaviour at all levels of customer interaction and management," it said. The report comes against the backdrop of several instances of rude behaviour by airline staffers including one where a passenger was pinned down on the tarmac at Delhi airport by an IndiGo ground staff member.
  • Rupee Rises To 30-Month High Vs Dollar, Sensex Hits New High: 10 Points
    The rupee rose to a 30-month high of 63.32 against the US dollar today, continuing its upward march in 2018. The rupee ended at 63.36, as compared to its Thursday's close of 63.40. The rupee traded in a range of 63.32 and 63.42 today. A higher domestic equity market also helped lift the rupee. The Sensex and Nifty hit record highs today. The rupee also got a boost from a broad weakness of dollar against other major currencies.
  • Case Against Mamata Banerjee In Assam For Citizen's Register Remark: 10 Points
    A police case has been filed against Mamata Banerjee in Assam after multiple complaints alleged the West Bengal Chief Minister made an inflammatory speech over the National Register of Citizens or NRC exercise currently going on in Assam. Speaking at a public meeting at Birbhum district in Bengal on Wednesday, Ms Banerjee had criticised the citizens register exercise and alleged a conspiracy to drive out Bengalis from Assam by "excluding" their names from the first draft of the NRC, which was published on the midnight of December 31.
  • After Aadhaar Data For Rs 500 Report, UIDAI To File Case: 10 Points
    UIDAI, the authority that issues Aadhaar numbers, has filed a police case after a newspaper appeared to have bought login details to get access to its database for Rs 500, but insisted that there had been no breach. "The Aadhaar data including biometric information is fully safe and secure," a statement by the Unique Identification Authority of India, or UIDAI, said. Aadhaar already faces a legal challenge in the Supreme Court filed by activists who believe that the rule to force people to submit their Aadhaar numbers was a violation of their privacy.
  • Pune Case Against Jignesh Mevani, Umar Khalid Over Caste Unrest: 10 Facts
    A case has been filed in Pune against Gujarat Dalit leader and legislator Jignesh Mevani and Umar Khalid of Delhi's Jawaharlal Nehru University, who have been accused of making provocative speeches triggering the caste tension between Dalits and upper caste Marathas that has swept across Maharashtra for the last four days. Two people have died during clashes and protests. This morning, the police cancelled an event that Mr Mevani and Mr Khalid were to speak at in Mumbai and took into custody students who decided to go ahead with it despite the refusal of permission.

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