- Centre has scrapped Jammu and Kashmir's special status
- Omar Abdullah's party has claimed the centre's move is "illegal"
- National Conference MPs Akbar Lone, Hasnain Masoodi filed petition
Omar Abdullah's National Conference has appealed in the Supreme Court against the government's move to scrap Jammu and Kashmir's special status and divide the state into two union territories. In its petition - filed by party MPs Akbar Lone and Hasnain Masoodi - the party claimed the centre's move was "illegal".
Omar Abdullah and another former chief minister Mehbooba Mufti and hundreds of political leaders are under arrest as the state remains under lockdown. More than 50,000 security personnel have been deputed in the state in addition to the regular troops to maintain law and order.
The National Conference has contended that the special status has been given to Jammu and Kashmir under the Constitution and the presidential order to scrap them is constitutionally invalid, since the consent of the assembly of Jammu and Kashmir has not been taken.
The government has clarified that since the state was under President's rule, the powers of the assembly of Jammu and Kashmir devolved upon parliament, empowering it to speak for the state.
The government has used a provision under the Article 370 that empowers the President to declare the special status inoperative anytime. The Section 3 of the Article 370 states: "Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this article, the President may, by public notification, declare that this article shall cease to be operative or shall be operative only with such exceptions and modifications and from such date as he may specify".
The petition has argued that the President himself was acting on the advice of the union cabinet, so it amounts to the "same constitutional functionary taking its own consent, to effect a fundamental structural change without consultation or concurrence of the persons affected by that change, or their elected representatives". This, the petition said, was "arbitrary" and "contrary to the rule of law".
The petition further said the Jammu and Kashmir (Reorganisation) Act, 2019 - under which the state was divided into two union territories, is "constitutionally invalid".
The Constitution does not permit parliament to retrogressively downgrade statehood into a less representative form such as a union territory, the petition said.
Ending the special status was a "total betrayal of the trust that the people of Jammu & Kashmir had reposed in India when the State acceded to it in 1947," Omar Abdullah had earlier tweeted.
Saturday's petition said the government decision "amounts to an overnight abrogation of the democratic rights and freedoms guaranteed to the people of the State of Jammu and Kashmir upon its accession".
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