The results for the assembly elections in four states - Assam, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and West Bengal - and Puducherry, a union territory, will be announced on May 2 after counting of votes. Voting in these states had taken place in several phases between March 27 and April 29.
More than 18 crore people were eligible to vote in these elections. This was the first major set of elections organised in the middle of the coronavirus pandemic after the state election in Bihar.
West Bengal witnessed high stakes battle as two-time Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee faced a tough challenge from the BJP. Her Trinamool Congress had been losing leaders - including her most trusted strategists -- to the BJP before the polls. She had accused the BJP of using central agencies to hound her party men with multiple investigations. "Khela Hobe (Game On)," was the Trinamool's campaign slogan, with the BJP calling for "poriborton (change)".
In Tamil Nadu, the ruling AIADMK witnessed its first state election since the death of its charismatic and powerful leader J Jayalalithaa. The opposition DMK-Congress swept the 2019 national election and hopes to continue its good run.
The BJP, never a big player in Tamil Nadu, had more expectations from neighboring Puducherry, which was placed under President's Rule after the Congress government collapsed earlier this year. In the last round of polls in 2016, the Congress could win only Puducherry, but the party lost power in the Union Territory after multiple resignations - a trend seen in other states like Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka.
The BJP campaigned aggressively to retain power in Assam, where it had won for the first time in 2016, beating the ruling Congress. For the first time in Assam, the Congress contested assembly polls in an alliance with once arch-rival - Badaruddin Ajmal-led AIUDF, a smaller regional outfit - Anchalik Gana Morcha (AGM) and three Left parties.
In Kerala, the main contest was between the ruling Left Democratic Front (LDF) and the Congress-led United Democratic Front (UDF). The BJP, which currently has a single MLA in the state assembly, hopes to get a toehold in the state.