He was arrested during a vehicle checking drive near Mirajpura village on the Rajpura-Chandigarh road, they said here.
The police said that Ladda was traveling in an SUV that had a fake registration number. A pistol, a few cartridges and some fake identity documents have been seized from him, they said.
Ladda is also wanted in other crimes, including kidnapping and murder, Senior Superintendent of Police S Bhoopati told reporters here.
He along with some of his accomplices had masterminded the Nabha jailbreak, in which two terrorists and four dreaded criminals had managed to escape from a high security prison here in November last year, the officer said.
In a sensational jailbreak, a group of armed men had stormed the Nabha prison in police uniforms and managed to free six prisoners.
Harminder Singh Mintoo and Kashmir, both terrorists, and gangsters Dhothian, Gounder, Gurpreet Sekhon and Neeta Deol escaped from the maximum security jail at Nabha in Patiala district on November 27 last year.
(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)