"Who are the culprits? In charge sheets, you (Madhya Pradesh) say that you do not identify the persons as there were around 200 people in the mob... it seems that video CD has not been taken into consideration," a bench comprising Chief Justice J S Khehar and Justices D Y Chandrachud and S K Kaul said.
The bench then directed the Investigating Officer (IO), who had probed 12 cases lodged in connection with the riots that had taken place on September 9, 2013 in Kheda and Pahatgaon villages of Harda district, to appear before it on July 17, the next date of hearing.
The riots had taken place over an alleged case of cow slaughter and 54 persons had lost their houses and businesses.
Twelve cases were registered by police naming Surendra Singh Rajput alias Tiger as the main accused in all the cases.
The top court, on February 17, had directed the state police "to place concerned charge-sheet, along with the translated version thereof, on the record of the case" within four weeks.
The court was hearing an appeal of activist Anurag Modi, filed through advocate Pyoli, against an order of the Madhya Pradesh High Court in the case.
Mr Modi had sought a probe against local BJP leader and former minister Kamal Patel and his son Sundip, alleging that they had instigated the riots with an eye on the assembly elections slated three months later.
The High Court had rejected the plea saying that the probe in the case was complete.