Mr Gandhi, who was interacting with students at the Princeton University noted that there was "a lot of synergy" between India and the United States.
"There are two large migrations taking place - one is completely free and the other is centrally controlled. The systems respond differently. India and China are two huge countries that are transforming from agricultural countries to urban modern model countries. And that's a huge chunk of the world population," Mr Gandhi said in his interaction at the Princeton University.
"And how these two countries do is going to fundamentally reshape the world. It's not my place to say that China should be democratic or not. They have chosen their path and we have chosen ours," he said.
China, he said, is entering spaces with the One Belt, One Road (OBOR) venture. "And China has a particular vision of the world. It's very clear. And from their perspective it's a very powerful vision," he said.
"Does India has a similar vision? What does that vision look like? How much cooperation is going to be there between us and them? These are basically the fundamental questions going forward. But the thing to realise is that China is moving with tremendous power and we have to work with that," he said.
Mr Gandhi said there's a lot of space for cooperation between the United States and India in the creation of jobs and in the education sector. "So I think (there is) a lot of synergy between the two countries. Also, historically India has maintained a balance (in relationships). So India has had a relationship with China and has had a relationship with Russia. It has had a relationship with the US and both the countries. To me, the strategic relationship with the United States is important," he said.
Mr Gandhi underscored the need for a balance (of relationships) in terms of all the other countries. "But balance is also important in terms of all the other countries. So I would say there is a a slight difference between us and the government," Mr Gandhi said in response to a question.