Sharad Navratri falls in the Lunar month Ashwin during Sharad Ritu, which gives it the name Sharad Navratri. The Hindu festival Navratri is dedicated to Goddess Durga and her nine avatars also referred to as the 'Nav Durga'. On each of the nine days of Navratri, devotees worship a form of Durga or Shakti with special offerings, and traditional rituals to seek the divine goddess' blessings. Sharad Navratri usually falls in the month of September or October.
The nine nights of festivities are dedicated to the nine forms of Durga - Shailputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandmata, Katyayani, Kaalratri, Mahagauri and Siddhidatri.
For the western part of India, especially Gujarat, Maharashtra and Punjab, Navratri holds immense significance. Devotees wake up early in the morning, adorn themselves in fresh new clothes and sit for puja. They offer plenty of fruits and delicacies to the deity, which is later distributed as prasad among the devotees. Some Hindus also observe the ritualistic Navratri fasts, during which they refrain from consuming any cereals, non-vegetarian food, alcohol and cigarette. Singhara, buckwheat,(Kuttu) atta pooris, snacks and desert are very popular around this time. Several popular vrat recipes take center- stage during Navratri celebrations.
Special fast meal laden with milk and fruits which are also permissible during the Navratri fasting. On the eighth and ninth day there is also a tradition of celebrating Kanjak or Kanya Pooja, wherein devotees offer nine little girls (who are worshipped as the avatars of Navdurga) some delicious poori, channa and halwa prasad. The festivities spills over to the evenings too, where devotees dress in vibrant clothes and perform garba (a dance form) in the pandals. Some Gujarati and Maharashtrian women also adorn themselves with nine different colours, which are allocated to each day of Navratri. The colour is ruled by one the planets or Navgrahas and accordingly they are assigned to each day.
In the eastern end of the country, the revelries are no less. Whole of Bengal and parts of Northeast celebrate Durga Puja with much fervour and enthusiasm. Durga Puja festival marks the battle of Goddess Durga with the powerful buffalo demon Mahishasura. Durga Puja holds immense significance for Bengalis, preparation of which begins months in advance. From setting up pandals, preparing for various cultural activities like poetry recitation, singing, dancing, painting competitions to the simple joy of purchasing new clothes, Durga Pooja celebrations are no less than a carnival in itself. The celebrations are made all the more special with the true culinary feast that accompanies the festival.
The Navratri culminates with Dussehra or Vijay Dashmi, which falls on 30th September this year.
Here is a detailed calendar of Durga Puja date and day this year.
|Date||Day and Colour of the day||Pooja|
|21st September 2017 (Thursday)||Pratipada, Yellow||Ghatasthapana|
|22nd September 2017 (Friday)||Dwitiya, Green||Brahmacharini Puja|
|23rd September 2017 (Saturday)||Tritiya, Grey||Sindoor Tritiya|
Varad Vinayaka Chauth
|24th September 2017 (Sunday)||Chaturthi, Orange||Kushmanda Puja|
Upang Lalita Vrat
|25th September 2017 (Monday)||Panchami, White||Skandamata Puja|
|26th September 2017 (Tuesday)||Shashthi, Red||Katyayani Puja|
|27th September 2017 (Wednesday)||Saptami, Royal Blue||Saraswati Awahan|
|28th September 2017 (Thursday)||Ashtami, Pink||Saraswati Puja|
|29th September 2017 (Friday)||Navami, Purple||Maha Navami|
Ayudha Puja, Navami Homa
Wish you all a very Happy Sharad Navratri 2017.