The researchers said in a statement that child neglect may also have significant consequences in later life, affecting mental health, unemployment chances and an increased risk of substance abuse.
"Research has already been done on the causal effect of economic conditions on domestic violence but never on children. Therefore, this research provides a very different dynamic," said Elisabetta De Cao, researcher at the University of Oxford.
The researchers used the data from National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System and reported every incident of child abuse and neglect from 2004 to 2012.
The findings showed a significant link between unemployment and child neglect, with a one per cent increase in the unemployment rate leading to a 20 per cent increase in the child neglect.
However there does not seem to be a relationship between unemployment and other forms of child abuse.
"We also found an indication that after a job loss people spend less on basic goods, like food and beverages. In doing so, this can lead to a higher likelihood of neglect."
Click here for more Jobs News
(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)
Get Breaking news, live coverage, and Latest News from India and around the world on NDTV.com. Catch all the Live TV action on NDTV 24x7 and NDTV India. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter and Instagram for latest news and live news updates.