The value of a legislator's vote depends on the population of the state he or she represents. But the value of the vote of a lawmaker doesn't vary -- it is 708. Hence, the different colour of ballot papers will help the returning officer count the votes based on the value. The total value of the Electoral College is 10,98,903. The ballot boxes will be brought to Delhi for counting on July 20.
The Electoral College which elects the president through the system of proportional representation comprises elected lawmakers (776) and legislators (4,120). While 233 are elected members of the Rajya Sabha, 543 are from the Lok Sabha. In a set of directions issued to the states, the Commission has said that while "the ballot papers for use by elected members of both houses of Parliament shall be printed on green-coloured paper, those for use by elected members of legislative assemblies shall be printed on pink coloured paper."
Electronic voting machines are not used in these elections as EVMs are formatted for first-past-the post system of voting. "They are not meant for proportional representation by means of single transferable vote," Chief Election Commissioner Nasim Zaidi had said while announcing the presidential polls.
President Pranab Mukherjee's term ends on July 24. Voting for the next president is scheduled on July 17, while the counting will take place on July 20. The BJP is trying to get the opposition on board to put forward a common candidate. If that happens, an election will not be held.