The Airports Authority of India (AAI) said the plane made an emergency landing at around 8.57 am and all on board were safe.
According to the airline's spokesperson, the GoAir flight G8 101 made "a precautionary turn around and returned to Kolkata post take off owing to the bird hit".
As a standard operating measure, the pilot decided to return to Kolkata airport for an aircraft inspection as prescribed by the manufacturer's manual, the airline spokesperson said in a statement.
On the other hand, an AAI spokesperson said that the GoAir's flight made an emergency landing at the NSCBI due to heavy engine vibration today morning.
Around 167 people on board, including crew are safe as per the airline's information, the spokesperson said.