"Taking forward the Swachh Bharat Mission, we have decided to ban polythene at all national monuments and tourist destinations from Gandhi Jayanti this year," Union Tourism Minister Mahesh Sharma said.
He, however, clarified that plastic bottles will not be banned, but tourists will be asked to place those in the recycle bins.
With the trial phase of the initiative launched last month, the ban will be applicable in 100-metre radius of the monuments.
As part of the initiative for 'polythene-free monuments' the Union Minister will visit Red Fort, Humayun Tomb and Qutab Minar.
The initiative will be reviewed after a month to decide whether there is any need to impose fines on the offenders, an official said.
The Centre had in March banned the manufacture of plastic bags of below 50 microns as these are difficult to dispose of thus posing a major threat to the environment.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on October 2, 2014. It aims to eliminate open defecation, manual scavenging and encourage modern and scientific municipal solid waste management, among others.