Here's your 10-point cheatsheet to this big story:
"It is very clear that we will win one seat in the Rajya Sabha election," former chief minister and Congress leader Kamal Nath said after voting at the state assembly in Bhopal, news agency ANI reported.
Elections are being held on four seats each from Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, three each from Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, two from Jharkhand and one each from the northeastern states of Meghalaya and Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram. The voting began at 9 am. The toughest fight is over one seat in Gujarat, one in Rajasthan, and one in Madhya Pradesh.
The Election Commission made elaborate arrangements for the voting in view of the pandemic. Every MLA are being screened for body temperature and will have to stick to safety measures like wearing face masks and maintaining social distancing. Legislators having a fever or showing other symptoms will be kept in a separate waiting room.
Currently, the NDA has 91 of the 245 Rajya Sabha seats, the UPA has 61. The other opposition and the non-aligned parties together have 68 seats. The key candidates in today's election include Shakti Singh Gohil and Bharat Singh Solanki from Gujarat, Jyotiraditya Scindia and Digvijaya Singh from Madhya Pradesh and KC Venugopal from Rajasthan.
The most intense politicking took place in Gujarat, where eight MLAs have resigned from the Congress since March. Going by the numbers, of the state's four seats, the BJP is assured of three. With its current strength, the Congress can only be assured of a single seat instead of two, which it could have commanded earlier. To win in the Gujarat, a candidate needs 34 votes.
The Congress has 65 MLAs in Gujarat assembly, most of whom have been spread across three resorts - one in Rajasthan and two in Ahmedabad - over the past weeks. The BJP has 103 members in the 182-member assembly, where a candidate needs 34 first-preference votes to win.
In Madhya Pradesh, where Jyotiraditya Scindia switched to the BJP in March with 22 MLAs, pushing the Congress out of power, Kamal Nath is trying to bring back a few of them. Of the three seats in the state, the BJP has two seats and the Congress one.
The 230-member Madhya Pradesh assembly now has an active strength of 206 after the resignations of Jyotiraditya Scindia loyalists and deaths of two members. The BJP has 107 members, Congress 92 in the state assembly and a candidate needs 51 votes to win a Rajya Sabha seat.
In Rajasthan, where three seats are at stake, the BJP can get one seat and the Congress two, on basis of their numbers. But the opposition party has fielded an extra candidate, pushing the Congress to whisk away their MLAs to various resorts in the state. Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot has said each of his MLAs have been offered Rs 25 to 30 crore.
Ahead of the Rajya Sabha election, the Congress has pushed a no-confidence motion against the BJP-led government in Manipur, whose nine MLAs have rebelled. The numbers are expected to affect the outcome of the state's single Upper House seat.