The Centre has informed the Delhi High Court that from the vacancy positions received for four police services including the Indian Police Service (IPS), for the Civil Services Exam (CSE) 2020, a total of 251 seats have been excluded from the ambit of reservation meant for Persons with Benchmark Disabilities (PwBD).
The Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) has also told the court that the Indian Police Service (IPS), Railway Protection Force (RPF), Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service (DANIPS), and Puducherry Police Service (PONDIPS) are exempted from the provision of Right of Persons with Disabilities (RPwD) Act which states that reservations be made for Persons with Benchmark Disabilities.
"The vacancy positions received for IPS, RPF, DANIPS and PONDIPS for the CSE-2020, a total of 251 seats have been excluded from the ambit of reservation meant for PwBD," Department of Personnel and Training said in an affidavit.
The court was hearing two pleas by the disability rights organisations which have alleged that seats for visually impaired and people with multiple disabilities have not been reserved in accordance with the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (RPWD) Act of 2016.
A bench of Chief Justice DN Patel and Justice Jyoti Singh said, "Looking into the decision of the respondent (DoPT) on granting exemption and the latest affidavit of respondent, the interviews going on at Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for the posts listed here, the result of selection will be subject to the outcome of these two writ petitions."
The court listed the matter for final hearing on October 1.
The affidavit, filed through central government standing counsel Mr Manish Mohan, said there has been no departure from the existing precedent or practice indicating the vacancy position in the notice for CSE-2020 and it does not suffer from any irregularity or illegality.
It referred to August 18 office memorandum issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs stating that the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in consultation with the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities, having regard to the nature and type of work, exempted all categories of posts under the IPS from the provision of Section 34(1) of the Right of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.
Similar office memorandums have been issued in respect of DANIPS, RPF and PONDIPS.
The high court had earlier sought response of the Centre, Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and Department of Personnel and Training on the plea seeking to quash the notice announcing the civil services preliminary exam and to grant an interim stay on declaration of the results on the ground that inadequate number of seats have been reserved for persons with visual and multiple disabilities.
Petitioner organisation, Evara Foundation has contended that due to inadequate number of advertised vacancies for visually impaired and those having multiple disabilities, fewer candidates belonging to these two categories would qualify for the main examination.
It has also said that the number of seats reserved for visually impaired, deaf, hard of hearing and locomotor disabilities is not in accordance with the Right of Persons with Disabilities Act.
The foundation has sought a direction to Union Public Service Commission and the Centre to "amend the impugned notification by earmarking not less than 8 seats for blind/low vision and multiple disabilities category each in the impugned notification".
It has also sought "equal bifurcation of the vacancies (meant for disabled) among the categories of persons with disabilities minimum one percent each in terms of law".
Besides that it has also sought directions to the Union Public Service Commission and Centre to fill up all the backlog vacancies of persons with disabilities arising since 1996 till date.
Another plea by NGO Sambhavana, through advocate Krishan Mahajan, has alleged that in the exam notice only expected approximate vacancies for the disabled are mentioned and not the four per cent mandatory reservation mandated under the law.
It has contended that the Union Public Service Commission exam notice only mentioned "expected approximate vacancies" -- a category that does not exist under the law.
The NGO has further claimed that there is a mathematical error in calculating the 4 per cent reservation in the expected vacancies numbering 796.
It has said that four per cent reservation of 796 would come to 31.8 or 32 vacancies, whereas according to the notice the number is 24.
The petition has also claimed that even the subsequent distribution of the vacancies at the rate of one per cent per category of disability -- deaf, blind, locomotor and multiple disabilities -- is also not mathematically accurate.
On this, the Centre said four per cent vacancies for PwBD candidates are to be calculated individually for each Service depending upon the 100 point roster cycle.
"Accordingly, four per cent of the remaining number of tentative number of vacancies after reducing the tentative number of vacancies for IPS, RPF, DANIPS and PONDIPS, that is, 796 - 251 = 545, comes out to be 22 after rounding off to nearest integer," said the Centre.
"Thus, 24 vacancies reserved for PwBD candidates at the stage of tentative vacancies would emerge to comply with the provision of 'not less than four per cent of the total number of vacancies'," it said.
It added that the calculations claimed by the petitioners for PwBD candidates, on 796 tentative vacancies notified for the UPSC for CSE-2020 is completely erroneous, wrong and baseless.
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