The trial of the surface-to-surface missile was conducted from Launch Complex-4 of Integrated Test Range in Balasore district at about 8.38 am, said an official of the defence ministry.
The trial was conducted by the Strategic Forces Command of the Indian Army as part of its user training exercise, he added.
Agni II has already been inducted into the Indian Army.
The two-stage missile equipped with advanced high accuracy navigation system and guided by a novel scheme of state-of-the-art command and control system was propelled by solid rocket propellant system.
It has a strike range of more than 2,000 km, is 20 metres long, weighs 17 tonnes and can carry a payload of 1,000 kg.