The Dadasaheb Phalke Award - and there is only one given out each year - is presented along with National Awards by the Directorate of Film Festivals and is organized by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. It comprises of Swarna Kamal (Golden Lotus), a shawl and a cash prize of Rs 10 lakhs.
The first Dadasaheb Phalke awardee was Devika Rani in 1969 and the roster of recipients reads like a who's who of Indian cinema - Satyajit Ray, Adoor Gopalakrishnan, Raj Kapoor, Ashok Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar, Dilip Kumar, Yash Chopra, Dev Anand, Shashi Kapoor, Gulzar and other luminaries comprise the list. This year's awardee is Kasinathuni Vishwanath, five-time National Award winner and man of many hats - director, screenwriter, actor.
The Government of India introduced this award to honour the best in cinema and to commemorate Dadasaheb Phalke's contribution to Indian cinema. He was known as the father of Indian cinema because he directed the first Indian full-length feature film, Raja Harishchandra, in 1913.
The recent function where various Bollywood stars were given film awards is an event organised by the Dadasaheb Phalke Academy, which is run by some of Phalke's family members. It acknowledges 22 different crafts of the industry, including acting, direction, technicians, make-up artists and spot boys. The Dadasaheb Phalke Academy Awards made headlines because of the star power attendance that it witnessed.
Here's hoping everyone reading this now knows the difference between these two sets of awards.
(Rohit Khilnani is a senior entertainment journalist based in Mumbai, he is also the author of the book I Hate Bollywood. Information about box-office collections and whereabouts of films stars is at the back of his hand. He starts and ends his day by taking his dog, for walks)
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