The three-member panel will investigate the usage of Monsanto's Bollgard II Roundup Ready Flex (RRF) in Andhra Pradesh and alert the centre about any violation of the country's environmental protection laws, according to a copy of the state government order dated Tuesday and reviewed by Reuters.
The order on Tuesday followed a similar order on October 5 that was to inspect fields growing Bollgard II but that order was withdrawn on Friday with no explanation.
The new committee, composed of agricultural experts, has been asked to submit a report within 15 days, according to the order.
The new directive asks the "investigating committee to look into the illegalities and risks of such seed sales and cultivation."
The committee may also bring criminal charges under India's 1989 Environment Protection Act, the order said.
The centre has not commented on the issue since Andhra Pradesh handed down the October 5 order.
Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan did not respond to a request seeking comment on the new order.
A spokesman for Monsanto India referred to its earlier statement following the October 5 order. In that statement, the company said the matter was of "grave concern" and that seed companies illegally attempted to "incorporate unauthorised and unapproved herbicide-tolerant technologies into their seeds" for profit.
Monsanto last year withdrew its application seeking approval for Bollgard II RRF following a dispute with the government that cut the royalty the company received for licensing out the technology to local seed firms.
The withdrawal was seen as a major escalation in a long-running dispute between the Indian government and Monsanto, which is also locked in a legal battle with some local seed companies over intellectual property rights.
(Reporting by Mayank Bhardwaj; Editing by Krishna N. Das and Christian Schmollinger)