Xi is overseeing a sweeping modernisation of the country's armed forces, the largest in the world, including stealth jet, anti-satellite missiles and advanced submarines, seeking to project power far from its shores.
Science and technology innovation is the "key to military upgrading", Xi told military delegates, state news agency Xinhua said late on Sunday.
"Efforts should be made to provide greater science and technology support for the People's Liberation Army," the report paraphrased Xi as saying.
"We must have a greater sense of urgency to push for science and technology innovation and advancement with greater determination and efforts."
There needs to be improved military and civilian cooperation in training high-quality military personnel, he added.
"Efforts to improve the training system of military personnel should also be strengthened to foster a large number of high-quality military talent."
There have been protests in recent months by demobilised soldiers complaining of a lack of support.
The military is also reeling from a concerted crackdown on deep-seat corruption, part of Xi's broader war against graft in China.
Xi told the military delegates that "crushing momentum in fighting corruption has been realised".
(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)