Five people, including a former AIADMK legislator have been arrested and the police did not rule out the arrest of Mr Dhinakaran, whose photo is reportedly on the pamphlets. The police complaint was made by a man called Vinayakam, who alleged that the pamphlets were distributed outside a hall in Salem where Mr Palaniswami was holding a meeting with senior officials on Sunday.
Mr Dhinakaran has alleged that the case has been filed against him because the Chief Minister is also Tamil Nadu's "police minister," - Mr Palaniswami has charge of the home department which looks after law and order. "This government is anyway going to fall. They are doing such these things since he (Palaniswami) is the police minister... Let them do what they want. The AIADMK supporters and the people are going to send them home," Mr Dhinakaran told reporters in Chennai.
Over the last few months, he has had a series of meetings with the Governor to demand that Mr Palaniswami be asked to prove he has majority support in the assembly in a trust vote and has also approached the court.
Last month, Tamil Nadu Speaker P Dhanapal disqualified the 18 MLAs loyal to Mr Dhinakaran under defection laws. This has ensured that Chief Minister Palaniswami will have no difficulty in proving majority support if he has to face a trust vote. His numbers have also been boosted with the merger he effected with a faction of the AIADMK led by his predecessor and now his deputy chief minister O Panneerselvam.
TTV Dhinakaran was appointed AIADMK's deputy general secretary by Ms Sasikala as she headed to jail in February this year. In April, he was arrested for allegedly attempting to bribe Election Commission officials to secure the AIADMK's "two leaves" election symbol for his faction, which included the Chief Minister at that time.
The other contender for the symbol was O Panneerselvam, who made the eviction from the party of Ms Sasikala and Mr Dhinakaran a key condition for last month's merger.
VK Sasikala, for years a live-in aide of J Jayalalithaa, took over as AIADMK chief soon after the death of the former chief minister in December last year. Ms Sasikala also wanted to be Tamil Nadu chief minister but was jailed before she could take over the top post which she forced Mr Panneerselvam to vacate for her, leading to the party's split.