Over 50 illegal Indian immigrants, seeking asylum in the US fearing religious and political persecution back home, are being treated like criminals in a federal prison in Oregon where they have been detained for the past several weeks now, volunteers from the legal advocacy groups have alleged.
"It's heartbreaking when you go in there and you see the young kids like the ages are close to starting from 18 onwards, 22 to 24 in those jumpsuits...and you wonder how they ended up being treated as criminals. They've not committed a crime, they have crossed the border and they have asked for a refugee or asylum and that is a law of this land," Navneet Kaur, a community college professor, told PTI.
Over the past several weeks, Ms Navneet has interacted with most of the 52 Indian inmates in the federal prison at Sheridan in Oregon. She has volunteered to work as a Punjabi translator for the non-profit legal firm Innovation Law lab, which is providing legal assistance to the illegal immigrants in jail.
"Right now, they are (in) a miserable (condition)," she said.
Of the 52 Indians, a majority of them are Punjabi speaking and are Sikhs.
When they were arrested, Ms Navneet said recollecting her conversation, these Indian asylum seekers were chained.
"When they were in handcuffed and chains for 24 hours they ate with their handcuffs on. Even the hardcore criminals are not treated like that. Then they were kept for 22 hours a day in a cell with the people who did not speak the language," she said. "It's inhuman," she said.
The situation is worse for the Sikh inmates as their turbans have been taken away in the jail.
"Their turbans have been taken away. In a country where everyone has right to practice their own religion these men there don't have turbans to cover (their head). Not even a piece of cloth to cover their heads," Ms Navneet said.
During the last few days the local community leaders have managed to give beanies to a few of the Sikh inmates so that they can cover their head.
"They (Indian inmates) are in a state of shock," she said, adding but none of these Indian asylum seekers want to go back home. All of them are seeking asylum in the US on the grounds that they fear for their life in India and that they are subject to political and religious persecution, she added.
"They are feeling very shocked. I don't know if that means that, that people are going to say I would rather go home because they're fleeing for their lives. I think that they're all feeling, they're probably all wondering like, is this worth it if I'm going to be treated this way," Victoria Bejarano Muirhead, development director at the non-profit Innovation Law lab, told PTI.
The Innovation Law lab has filed a lawsuit to seek access to these inmates and have been providing legal assistance to all the Indian asylum seekers who want one.
Some of the Indian asylum seekers have hired their own attorney. As a result of the intervention of the Innovation Law Lab the condition of these inmates have improved and they are being allowed to make calls both domestic and internationally.
Innovation Law Lab has been sending its legal team of volunteers accompanied with translators like Ms Navneet to the Sheridan jail on a daily basis.
"I am horrified at how the US is treating people who are seeking asylum. I'm horrified at how they're treating immigrants just in general," Ms Muirhead said.
"Right now there's so much public attention on this issue, but in reality many of these issues that we have now are just getting worse, but they were already there even before Trump was elected as president," she said.
"For example, the mass detention of immigrants, the mass deportation of immigrants, those were issues that were already ongoing before Trump was elected. But I think since his election, it's just gotten to the next level. We already were detaining families, but now Trump is saying let's detain them indefinitely. That's taking it to the next level. So it was, it's very concerning," Ms Muirhead said.
Despite the inhuman conditions these inmates are living in, none of them are willing to go back home, both Ms Navneet and Ms Muirhead said.
The Indian Consulate in San Francisco had recently sent its officials to meet these inmates. But it is not clear if these Indian citizens accepted the offer of the Indian government to help them go back home.
The next step for those who wish to seek asylum is to have a credible fear interview, which takes place with an asylum officer and with the individual during which the official will try to assess whether or not they have been actually persecuted or have a reasonable fear of persecution, Ms Muirhead said.
Secondly, they will try to assess whether or not that persecution is related to a reason for having asylum, she added.
"If they receive a positive outcome in that interview and it's determined that they do have a credible fear, then the next step for us would be to prepare them to advocate for their release from detention," she said, adding that the interviews are beginning now.
The Innovation Lab law has put in a formal notice to the government that it is providing legal counsel for a certain number of individuals. Then the government is required to tell them when they have scheduled to that interview so that the they can assure they're prepared, and accompany them to the interview.