Prime Minister Narendra Modi held his first election rally today since the coronavirus took hold in the country in March, drawing thousands of cheering supporters standing shoulder-to-shoulder and ignoring social-distancing rules.
Other politicians including Congress party's Rahul Gandhi also attended big rallies in Bihar, where local elections start in phases from next week, with many unmasked participants trying to get a glimpse of the leaders.
India has been among the worst hit by the coronavirus, with the second-highest amount of cases globally, and experts worry big gatherings like the political rallies could trigger a fresh spike in cases.
"I want to congratulate the people of Bihar for fighting a disaster like corona so well... the situation in some of the richest countries in the world is not hidden from anyone," PM Modi said at the first of the three rallies scheduled in the state.
The 70-year-old, who has himself highlighted the importance of social distancing, took off his mask before addressing a crowd from a high platform.
Bihar, the third-most populous state and one of the country's poorest, has recorded more than 200,000 coronavirus infections, fewer than richer states like Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.
India reported 54,366 new cases in the past 24 hours, taking the total to 77,61,312. It has the highest number of reported infections after the US but the rise in cases has slowed since reaching a peak on September 17.
A government panel has warned, however, that if precautions like wearing masks and social distancing are not followed around India, cases could spike by up to 2.6 million in just a month.
"There is some evidence that large gatherings cause rapid spread," the government-appointed panel of scientists, virologists and other experts said earlier this week.
As various states head to elections over the coming months, political groups including PM Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party have started promising free COVID-19 vaccines.