The new 101 new inland waterways will be in addition to the five existing National Waterways.
Shipping Minister Nitin Gadkari introduced the National Waterways Bill, 2015, which says the proposed legislation is aimed at integrated development of inland waterways throughout the country since the waterways is "lagging behind" road and rail sectors.
The government has said promotion of waterways is a priority for this as it is a cheaper mode of transportation compared to roads and railways.
Inland waterways, comprising rivers, lakes, canals, creeks and backwaters, extend about 14,500 km across the country. However, potential of this mode of transport has not been fully exploited so far.
The government has already decided to launch PM Jal Marg Yojna and projects for setting up dry and satellite ports, besides converting riverways into waterways.