Here's your 10-point cheatsheet to this big story:
"You (Prashant Bhushan) are part of the system; you cannot destroy the system. We have to respect each other. If we are going to destroy each other, who will have faith in this institution?" said the three-judge bench led by Justice Arun Mishra at the last hearing on Tuesday.
Prashant Bhushan was found guilty of contempt earlier this month for tweets which he argued were "discharge of highest duty". Open criticism is necessary to "safeguard the democracy and its values," he had said, adding that he would cheerfully accept punishment.
The Supreme Court had sought an unconditional apology, maintaining that freedom of speech is not absolute. "You may do hundreds of good things, but that doesn't give you a license to do ten crimes," the court had said, giving him a three-day time window to consider the matter.
Mr Bhushan said he did not expect any "substantial change" in his stand. "If I retract a statement before this court that I otherwise believe to be true and offer an insincere apology, that in my eyes would amount to the contempt of my conscience and of an institution I hold in highest esteem," he told the judges.
At the last hearing, Mr Bhushan's counsel Rajiv Dhavan argued that top court's order giving him time for an unconditional apology, was "an exercise in coercion". "It looks like as if a contemnor is coerced to give an apology so that it gets over. No court can pass an order like this," he had argued.
"This institution must take criticism, and not just criticism but extreme criticism. Your shoulders are broad enough," Mr Dhavan had argued. He said Mr Bhushan should be forgiven with a message, not a reprimand or warning. "One cannot be silenced forever... A message that he (Prashan Bhushan) should be little restrained in future should be enough," he had added.
Attorney General KK Venugopal had suggested that Mr Bhushan be let off with a warning. "Bhushan's tweets seek the improvement of the administration of justice... Let democracy follow in this case when he has exercised his free speech... It will be tremendously appreciated if the court leaves it at that," he had said.
In one of the tweets, for which he was held guilty of contempt earlier this month, Prashant Bhushan had said four previous Chief Justices of India played a role in destroying democracy in India in the last six years.
The other tweet accused Chief Justice SA Bobde of riding a motorcycle - he was photographed on a Harley Davidson in Nagpur last month - without a helmet and face mask, while keeping the court in lockdown and denying citizens their right to justice.
Mr Bhushan has already expressed regret in another contempt case where he said half of the 16 Chief Justices of India were corrupt during an interview to Tehelka magazine in 2009. The word corruption, he told the court this month, was used in "wide sense meaning lack of propriety" and not financial corruption. The case will now be heard by another bench looking into whether corruption charges can be made against sitting and retired judges and the procedure to deal with it.