Researchers from Ulster University in the UK reviewed 1,277 studies from 1970 till date on coffee's effect on human health.
They found the general scientific consensus is that regular, moderate coffee drinking (defined as 3-4 cups per day) essentially has a neutral effect on health, or can be mildly beneficial.
The review was used to create a list of the potential health benefits and risks of coffee consumption on total mortality, cardiovascular disease, cancer, metabolic health, neurological disorders, gastrointestinal conditions and other miscellaneous health outcomes.
Researchers found that the potential benefits of moderate coffee drinking outweighed the risks in adult consumers for the majority of major health outcomes considered.
The findings were published in the journal Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety.
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