Mahatma Gandhi, Indian Independence Movement In Oxford Curriculum

There will still be two compulsory papers on British history, but from the autumn semester this year, Oxford history undergraduates must take a non-European topic.

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Mahatma Gandhi, Indian Independence Movement In Oxford Curriculum

The University of Oxford will add Indian, Asian and Middle Eastern affairs in its history curriculum.

London:  The University of Oxford has introduced a compulsory exam paper for history students to include Indian, Asian and Middle Eastern affairs in a bid to make its curriculum more inclusive. Possible topics include the Indian independence movement and the 1960s civil rights movement, highlighting figures such as Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King.

There will still be two compulsory papers on British history, but from the autumn semester this year the university's history undergraduates will have to take a paper that covers neither British nor European topics as part of their three-year degree, The Sunday Times reported.

The move comes as universities across the UK face protests as part of a wider "Why is my curriculum white?" campaign and demand that syllabus be "decolonised". Martin Conway, head of the faculty at University of Oxford, said the change was being made to "bring in diversity in terms of the teaching of history" after consulting students.

Other UK universities are also revising the way they teach history in the face of student demands. At Leeds University, a module on black British history is in development and the university's Raphael Hallett said academics wanted to "audit" the syllabus to see whether it was designed from a "western or hegemonic perspective". A university spokesperson said, "We are always open to academically sound suggestions for augmenting our curriculum."

At Cambridge University, Professor Sir Richard Evans told the newspaper that they were changing the way the British Empire was taught. "It is being studied in a more balanced way," he said.

Earlier this year, the students' union at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) - one of the few institutions in Europe dedicated to the study of Asia, Africa and the Middle East - had launched their own decolonisation drive demanding that "white philosophers" should be studied only if required and solely from a "critical standpoint".

The SOAS union's proposal to the university stated, "To make sure that the majority of the philosophers on our courses are from the Global South or its diaspora."

"SOAS focus is on Asia and Africa and therefore the foundations of its theories should be presented by Asian or African philosophers (or the diaspora)," it had said. The union stated that "decolonising SOAS" is a campaign that aims to address the "structural and epistemological legacy" of colonialism within the university.
 

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