- States want a fixed share of promotions in government jobs for SC/STs
- 5-judge constitution bench to review the policy
- Earlier, top court wanted proof of inadequacies of representation
To compensate for decades of discrimination, backward castes are entitled to a share of government jobs. In February, the Supreme Court cancelled a move by Karnataka to extend affirmative action policies to promotions. Similar plans by other states have also been overruled with courts stating that states must first look at how these policies are currently being implemented and whether inadequacies in representation are being overcome without compromising efficiency in government departments.
SCs and STs are a politically vital group and reservation which would enable their seniority in the government has been sought by a range of parties.
Critics say that promotions on factors other than seniority and merit will destroy governance.
In an earlier judgement in 2006 in the landmark M Nagraj case, the court said reservation in promotions can be allowed only if the criteria of "backwardness" and "inadequacy of representation" are met and proved through a survey or census.
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