The AFSPA is meant to enhance the effectiveness of security forces while operating in a hostile environment by muting civilian legal implications. Rights activists in locations where the AFSPA has been imposed have criticised the law as too harsh to be used on the country's own civilians.
"The revocation of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act by Home Ministry from Assam, Meghalaya & most areas of Arunachal Pradesh is due to significant improvement of security scenario in North-East India in last 4 years," Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju tweeted today.
In Arunachal Pradesh, the AFSPA will remain enforced under eight police station limits -- from 16 areas earlier -- near the border with Assam, and in three districts -- Tirap, Changlang and Longding -- near the border with Myanmar.
The AFSPA has been in force in Nagaland, Manipur and Jammu and Kashmir for several decades, and since the early 1990s in Assam.
The AFSPA was not withdrawn from Nagaland even after a framework agreement on peace was signed in August 2015 by the Naga armed group NSCN-IM and the government.
Since 1997, the intensity of insurgency in the north-east has been on the wane, and civilian and security forces' casualties were the lowest in 2017, government data shows.
Military and intelligence assessments have strongly indicated that insurgency has been wiped out from Tripura and Mizoram, and there has been a marked improvement in the security situation in Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Manipur, said the Home Ministry official who asked not to be identified.
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