Highlights: Aadhaar Saved Centre Rs 90,000 Crore, Says Arun Jaitley

Aadhaar Act Verdict: The Supreme Court struck down Section 57 of Aadhaar Act which allows private entities to demand Aadhaar to access services.

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Highlights: Aadhaar Saved Centre Rs 90,000 Crore, Says Arun Jaitley

Aadhaar Act: Uniqueness was the fundamental difference between Aadhaar and other identity proof (File)

New Delhi: 

Aadhaar empowers marginalised sections of the society and gives them identity, which outweighs the harm, Supreme Court said, pronouncing the national identity card "constitutionally valid" in response to petitions raising violation of privacy. "One can't throw the baby out with the bathwater," said the judges, which asserted that private parties cannot seek Aadhaar data. The court, in a majority verdict, said Aadhaar is not compulsory for school admission. "Aadhaar gives dignity to marginalised sections, which outweighs the harm," said the court in its verdict on 27 petitions that challenged the constitutional validity of Aadhaar and called it a violation of the right to privacy. The court said "very, very minimal data" is collected for Aadhaar, that other documents required for Aadhaar are also proof of identity.

Uniqueness was the fundamental difference between Aadhaar and other identity proof, the bench said. "We are of the view that there are sufficient safeguards to protect data collected under Aadhaar scheme."

The Supreme Court struck down Section 57 of Aadhaar Act which allows private entities to demand Aadhaar to access services. However, no person will be denied benefits under social welfare scheme because of the failure of authentication through Aadhaar, the judges said. "We direct the government to ensure that illegal migrants are not issued Aadhaar," they said, adding that as of today they did not find anything in Aadhaar Act which violated the right to privacy of individual citizen.

For a record 38 days, the top court heard some 27 petitions - including one by former High Court judge KS Puttaswamy - that had challenged the constitutional validity of Aadhaar and called it a violation of the right to privacy.

Here are the Highlights on Aadhaar Act case:


Sep 26, 2018
20:50 (IST)
Supreme Court's observations on Aadhaar: news agency IANS

The Supreme Court on Wednesday upheld the legality of Aadhaar restricting it to disbursement of social benefits and junking its requirement for cell phones and bank accounts, reported news agency IANS.

Here are the main observations of the Supreme Court in its 1,448-page judgement:

* It is better to be unique than the best. Because, being the best makes you the number one, but being unique makes you the only one. 'Unique makes you the only one' is the central message of Aadhaar.

* Education took us from thumb impression to signature, technology has taken us from signature to thumb impression, again.

* The architecture of the Aadhaar Act reveals that the UIDAI is established as a statutory body which is given the task of developing the policy, procedure and system for issuing Aadhaar numbers to individuals and also to perform authentication thereof as per the provisions of the Act.

* Throughout their lives, individuals are supposed to provide information: be it admission in a school or college or at the time of taking job or engaging in any profession or business activity, etc.

When all this information is available in one place, in the form of Aadhaar card, it not only becomes unique, it would also qualify as a document of empowerment. Added with this feature, when an individual knows that no other person can clone it, it assumes greater significance.

* The scheme (Aadhaar) by itself can be treated as laudable, more so, when it is voluntary in nature. Howsoever benevolent the scheme may be, it has to pass the muster of constitutionality.

* In a scenario where the State is coming out with welfare schemes, there cannot be undue intrusion into personal autonomy on the pretext of conferment of economic benefits.

* The architecture of Aadhaar as well as provisions of the Aadhaar Act do not tend to create a surveillance state. This is ensured by the manner in which the Aadhaar project operates.

* The use of Aadhaar number has been increased manifold and, therefore, it is also necessary to take measures relating to ensuring security of the information provided by the individuals while enrolling for Aadhaar card.

* The entire aim behind launching this programme is the 'inclusion' of the deserving persons who need to get such benefits. When it is serving much larger purpose by reaching hundreds of millions of deserving persons, it cannot be crucified on the unproven plea of exclusion of some.

* What we are emphasising is that remedy is to plug the loopholes rather than axe a project, aimed for the welfare of large section of the society. Obviously, in order to address the failures of authentication, the remedy is to adopt alternative methods for identifying such persons, after finding the causes of failure in their cases.

* We again emphasise that no person rightfully entitled to the benefits shall be denied the same on such grounds. It would be appropriate if a suitable provision be made in the concerned regulations for establishing an identity by alternative means, in situations like change in formation of fingerprints for various reasons, or failure of iris test due to certain reasons including blindness of a person.
Sep 26, 2018
19:54 (IST)
Read Here: Aadhaar Verdict: Congress To Move Supreme Court Again On Passage Of Aadhaar Law As Money Bill
The Congress on Wednesday said it will approach the Supreme Court to reconsider the plea against passage of the legislation as a money bill, while welcoming the Supreme Court verdict striking down certain provisions of the Aadhaar scheme, terming it a "slap" on the BJP's face.
Sep 26, 2018
19:25 (IST)
Read Here: Aadhaar Verdict: "Congress Won, Like In 2014": Amit Shah's Jibe At Rahul Gandhi On Aadhaar
BJP president Amit Shah on Wednesday mocked Congress chief Rahul Gandhi after he claimed that the Supreme Court order on Aadhaar supported his party's vision, saying, "Yes, the Congress won today, just like they won Lok Sabha Polls in 2014".
Sep 26, 2018
19:12 (IST)
Aadhaar: Aadhaar-issuing authority UIDAI praises "historic" Supreme Court judgment

Welcoming the "historic, landmark" Supreme Court judgment, Aadhaar-issuing authority UIDAI on Wednesday said the Supreme Court has upheld the validity of the biometric identity system that neither creates a surveillance state nor violate privacy, according to news agency Press Trust of India.

"It has been established by the judgement that Aadhaar is not for the state surveillance as profiling is not possible using the minimal data that Aadhaar has. There are sufficient safeguards to disallow any abuse," Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) said welcoming "the historical and landmark majority judgement" of the Supreme Court of India.

"Aadhaar Act has withstood the judicial scrutiny and the purpose of the Act is legitimate," it said, according to news agency PTI.

UIDAI said the Supreme Court has upheld the constitutional validity of Aadhaar and accepted that there is a legitimate state aim in the 12-digit biometric ID.

"Aadhaar as an idea is fully upheld that it does not create a surveillance state and does not violate privacy," it said in a statement.

"The verdict Aadhaar is a tool of empowerment of the marginalised sections of the society," UIDAI said, according to PTI.
Sep 26, 2018
18:53 (IST)
Was not influenced by views expressed either for or against Aadhaar, says Supreme Court

The Supreme Court said on Wednesday that despite the heated public debate in and outside the courtroom on the validity of Aadhaar, it was not influenced by the views expressed either in favour or against the scheme, which has secured the enrolment of almost 1.1 billion people in the country, according to news agency Press Trust of India.

The Supreme Court said that not only the commoners but the intelligentsia too was equally divided on the issue and there have been a number of articles and interviews for discourse in favour of or against the biometric ID.

A five-judge constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra said, "We clarify that we have not been influenced by such views expressed either in favour or against Aadhaar," PTI reported.

It said that despite the passions, emotions and annoyance exhibited by both sides in equal measure during the arguments, the Court while giving its judgment on the issues involved is required to have calmness coupled with objective examination of the issues on the touchstone of the constitutional provisions.

"The issue has generated heated public debate as well. Even outside the Court, there are groups advocating in favour of the Aadhaar scheme and those who are stoutly opposing the same," said the bench, also comprising Justice AK Sikri, AM Khanwilkar, DY Chandrachud and Ashok Bhushan.

Justice AK Sikri, who wrote the majority verdict for himself, Chief Justice Dipak Misra and AM Khanwilkar said: "Interestingly, it is not only the commoners who belong to either of the two groups but intelligentsia is also equally divided. There have been number of articles, interviews for discourses in favour of or against Aadhaar".

In a separate 567-page verdict, Justice Sikri said that those in favour see Aadhaar project as ushering the nation into a regime of good governance, advancing socio-economic rights, economic prosperity and in the process they claim that it may make the nation a world leader, according to PTI.
Sep 26, 2018
18:30 (IST)
Aadhaar: "Aadhaar under UPA was Niradhar," says Amit Shah hits out at Congress over Aadhaar

Sep 26, 2018
18:27 (IST)
Nandan Nilekani praises "landmark judgement" on Aadhaar verdict

"Aadhaar includes, it doesn't exclude," Nandan Nilekani said on Twitter. In a tweet, Nandan Nilekani said the Supreme Court "unequivocally validated" the founding principles for Aadhaar.

Sep 26, 2018
18:04 (IST)
Original Aadhaar petitioner, retired judge KS Puttaswamy, welcomes Supreme Court verdict

Retired Justice KS Puttaswamy, one of the first to question the legality of Aadhaar, on Wednesday welcomed the landmark Supreme Court judgement upholding its validity but restricting it to disbursement of social benefits, according to news agency IANS.

"After holistic consideration, my opinion is that the majority judgement on the validity of Aadhaar Act is correct though I have not read the whole judgement yet," the 92-year-old retired Karnataka High Court judge told the media in Bengaluru, reported IANS.

A five-judge bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra held that Aadhaar would be voluntary and not mandatory with an option to exit.

On linking of Aadhaar with Permanent Account Number (PAN) mandatory, the retired judge said those who pay income tax are limited and they belong to a separate class, according to IANS.
Sep 26, 2018
17:01 (IST)
Aadhaar: Supreme Court order welcome, banks should stop issuing Aadhaar cards, says Banking Association

The Supreme Court order on Wednesday striking down the compulsory linking of Aadhaar card to bank accounts is welcome, said a top leader of the All India Bank Employees Association (AIBEA), according to news agency IANS.

AIBEA General Secretary CH Venkatachalam also said that banks should stop issuing Aadhaar cards as it was not a banking activity.

"The Supreme Court order making it unconstitutional the compulsory linking of Aadhaar cards with bank accounts is welcome," he said.

"As far as banks are concerned, an Aadhaar card is one more card for identification of a person while opening an account. No other purpose is served beyond that," Mr Venkatachalam told IANS.
Sep 26, 2018
16:59 (IST)
Aadhaar: "Balanced verdict," says IT industry

The Supreme Court verdict in the Aadhaar case is balanced as it has upheld the constitutional validity of the scheme while also addressing data privacy issues, leading figures in the information technology (IT) industry said, according to news agency Press Trust of India.

The judgement removes a big barrier to the centre's flagship scheme's acceptability and "settles" the law, TV Mohandas Pai, a former Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of Infosys Ltd said.

Another ex-CFO of Infosys, V Balakrishnan said the top court has come out with a balanced view on the issue.

".. the Supreme Court has in effect addressed many of the concerns related to wide use of Aadhaar data and resulting data privacy issues," Mr Balakrishnan said.
Sep 26, 2018
16:39 (IST)
Read Here: Aadhaar Act Verdict: Arun Jaitley, Finance Minister: Aadhaar Helped Centre Save Rs 90,000 Crore Annually
Describing the Supreme Court judgement on Aadhaar as "historic", Finance Minister Arun Jaitley today said it has helped the government in saving Rs 90,000 crore every year with targeted delivery of government schemes.
Sep 26, 2018
16:14 (IST)
Passing Aadhaar Law As Money Bill A Fraud, Says Justice DY Chandrachud In Dissent Ruling
As Aadhaar was declared constitutionally valid with conditions by a majority verdict of the Supreme Court, one of the five judges said the national identity card scheme, in its current form, cannot be held to be constitutional. "Allowing private players to use Aadhaar will lead to profiling which could be used to ascertain political views of citizens," said Justice DY Chandrachud in his dissenting judgement.
Sep 26, 2018
16:07 (IST)
Read Here: A chronology of events leading up to the Supreme Court declaring the Aadhaar constitutionally valid

The following is the chronology of events leading up to the Supreme Court on Wednesday declaring the centre's flagship Aadhaar scheme as constitutionally valid although it struck down some provisions including the linking of the biometric ID with bank accounts, mobile phones and school admissions, according to news agency Press Trust of India:

* January 2009: Planning Commission notification on UIDAI.

* 2010-2011: National Identification Authority of India Bill, 2010 introduced.

* November 2012: Retired Justice KS Puttaswamy and others file pleas in Supreme Court challenging validity of  Aadhaar.

* November 2013: Supreme Court orders all states and Union Territories be impleaded as respondents.

* March 3, 2016: Aadhaar Bill, 2016 introduced in Lok Sabha; later passed as Money Bill.

* May 2017: Former Union minister and Congress leader Jairam Ramesh moves Supreme Court challenging the centre's decision to treat Aadhaar bill as a money bill.

* August 24, 2017: Supreme Court nine-judge bench rules that right to privacy is a fundamental right.

* December 15: Supreme Court extends deadline for mandatory linking of Aadhaar with various services and welfare schemes till March 31, 2018.

* January 17, 2018: Supreme Court five-judge bench begins hearing Aadhaar case.

* January 25: Supreme Court asks Chhattisgarh High Court to modify in 10 days its order directing all trial courts in the state to mandatorily accept copies of Aadhaar card for releasing an accused on bail.

* Febuary 19: Delhi BJP leader Ashwini Kumar Upadhyay seeks direction to Election Commission to take appropriate steps to implement an 'Aadhaar based election voting system'.

* February 21: Supreme Court says the alleged defect that citizens' biometric details under the Aadhaar scheme were being collected without any law, could be cured by subsequently bringing a statute.

* March 7: Supreme Court says Aadhaar number not mandatory for enrolment of students in all India exams.

* March 13: Supreme Court extends March 31 deadline of Aadhaar linking till it gives its order.

* March 22: UIDAI CEO says breaking the Aadhaar encryption may take "more than the age of the    universe for the fastest computer on earth".

* March 28: Social activist Reshma Prasad seeks direction to the centre to create a separate third gender category option on PAN cards for transgenders.

* April 3: Centre tells Supreme Court that Aadhaar law is just, fair & reasonable.

* April 17: Supreme Court raises concerns that there is a threat of Aadhaar data misuse.

* April 25: Supreme Court questions centre on mandatory seeding of Aadhaar with mobile.

* May 10: Supreme Court reserves verdict.

* September 26: Supreme Court upholds constitutional validity of Aadhaar but strikes down certain provisions including its linking with bank accounts, mobile phones and school admissions.
Sep 26, 2018
16:01 (IST)
Aadhaar has helped government save Rs 90,000 crore, says Finance Minister Arun Jaitley

Describing the Supreme Court judgement on Aadhaar as "historic", Finance Minister Arun Jaitley today said, according to news agency Press Trust of India. It has helped the government in saving Rs 90,000 crore every year with targeted delivery of government schemes.

A five-judge constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra held that Aadhaar is constitutionally valid but struck down some of its provisions, including its linking with bank accounts, mobile phone connections and school admissions.

The Supreme Court judgement kept the provision of Aadhaar mandatory for filing of IT returns and allotment of Permanent Account Number (PAN), according to PTI.

"It is a historic judgement and the whole concept of unique identity number that has been accepted after judicial review is an extremely welcome decision.

"There are now 122 crore people in India who have Aadhaar cards and our estimation is that by identifying beneficiaries of government schemes and ensuring that there are no fake or duplicate or non-existent beneficiaries, we are already saving Rs 90,000 crore every year," Mr Jaitley said, PTI reported.
Sep 26, 2018
15:59 (IST)
Aadhaar remains a "work in progress," says P Chidambaram in a series of tweets

"The majority judgment in the Aadhaar case has retrieved the UPA's original idea of Aadhaar. Aadhaar was meant to be a benign instrument to deliver benefits, subsidies and services to the poor. Glad that the UPA's policy has been vindicated," P Chidambaram said in a tweet.

"The Act came perilously close to being struck down on the ground it was passed as a Money Bill when it was not. The Act was saved by judicial forbearance," he added in another tweet.


Sep 26, 2018
15:54 (IST)
Aadhaar: Former Attorney General Soli Sorabjee welcomes Supreme Court verdict on Aadhaar

"I think on the whole it is a good judgement. Though personally, I am happy with Justice Chandrachud's judgement striking it down on the ground that it bothers the right to privacy," former Attorney General Soli Sorabjee said.
Sep 26, 2018
15:46 (IST)
Aadhaar: "For the BJP, Aadhaar is a tool of oppression and surveillance," tweets Rahul Gandhi

Rahul Gandhi has tweeted on Aadhaar, saying that for the Congress "was an instrument of empowerment."

He also said that for the BJP, Aadhaar is "a tool of oppression and surveillance."

He thanked the Supreme Court for "supporting the Congress vision".

Sep 26, 2018
15:42 (IST)
Aadhaar Act: "Aadhaar verdict vindicates my stand," says Mamata Banerjee

West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Wednesday welcomed the Supreme Court judgement upholding its validity but restricting it to disbursement of social benefits, saying it vindicates her stand, reported news agency IANS.

"People should have some rights. If bank and mobile phones are linked to Aadhaar card then everything about the person will come into public domain. That this logic is correct and irrefutable has been proved today," Ms Banerjee told the media.

"We don't compromise or raise questions on government security or internal security. But if my account number becomes public, I may be cheated. This has already happened in ATM transactions," said Ms Banerjee, who is visiting Italy in a bid to rope in investment for her state, according to news agency IANS.

Similarly, if the mobile phone number is linked to Aadhaar, "then the messages you send, or the calls you make, all information gets leaked".

Calling the verdict a victory of the people, she said she has neither linked her bank account nor her mobile number to Aadhaar and have also asked people not to do so, reported IANS.

In a majority judgment, a five-judge bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra held that Aadhaar would be voluntary and not mandatory with an option to exit.
Sep 26, 2018
15:24 (IST)
Sep 26, 2018
15:24 (IST)
"The majority judgment in the Aadhaar case has retrieved the UPA's original idea of Aadhaar. Aadhaar was meant to be a benign instrument to deliver benefits, subsidies and services to the poor. Glad that the UPA's policy has been vindicated," Congress leader P Chidambaram tweeted.
Sep 26, 2018
15:23 (IST)
Sep 26, 2018
15:13 (IST)
"Congress introduced the idea and did not know what to do with it. Even during tabulation, it was unclear what it was going to be used for. The concept is when you want benefits, you need some identification. Haven't read the full text on the verdict. We will study it in detail. We were breaking new ground. While doing so, we were entering uncharted areas. What are the dos and dont's," Mr Jailey said.
Sep 26, 2018
15:07 (IST)
Aadhaar decision is historic: Arun Jaitley

"An Estimated 122 crore people have Aadhaar card. Our estimation is that by identifying beneficial of government schemes and ensuring non duplication, we are saving 90,000 crore every year. The amount of money being spent on new/old schemes have resulted in revenue collection. We have made all of that tech based," says Arun Jaitley. 

"The money left from old schemes, through Aadhaar, we hope to serve the poor better. Tech as a tool of governance as instrument of revenue collection, is a concept no one can deny and Supreme Court, after reviewing this has held it constitutionally valid," he said.
Sep 26, 2018
14:44 (IST)
Supreme Court Judgment On Aadhaar: Full Text

Sep 26, 2018
14:43 (IST)
For the exclusion of a "minimal" three per cent, 97 per cent cannot be denied the benefits of Aadhaar, the top court said in a majority judgement, commenting: "One can't throw the baby out with the bathwater."A five-judge constitutional bench cleared the use of Aadhaar for access to welfare schemes but struck down attempts to make it mandatory for bank accounts and mobile phone connections.
Sep 26, 2018
13:54 (IST)
The Aadhaar Act could not have been passed as Money Bill as it amounts to a fraud on the Constitution and is liable to be struck down, Supreme Court Justice D Y Chandrachud has said.

Justice Chandrachud, who was part of the five-judge Constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra, wrote a separate judgement saying he had expressed some views different from that of the verdict pronounced by Justice A K Sikri.

Bypassing the Rajya Sabha to pass the Aadhaar Act amounted to subterfuge and the law was liable to be struck down as being violative of Article 110 of the Constitution, he ruled.
Sep 26, 2018
13:16 (IST)
Aadhaar Law Shouldn't Have Been Money Bill, Can Be Struck Down: Justice Chandrachud
As Aadhaar was declared constitutionally valid with conditions by a majority verdict of the Supreme Court, one of the five judges said the national identity card scheme, in its current form, cannot be held to be constitutional. "Allowing private players to use Aadhaar will lead to profiling which could be used to ascertain political views of citizens," said Justice DY Chandrachud in his dissenting judgement."
Sep 26, 2018
12:39 (IST)
Prashant Bhushan reacts on verdict

No, bank, cellular company, school or bank can ask for your Aadhaar.
If Bio Metrics fail, they will still be given entitlement to government scheme based on other documents

On Aadhaar as Money bill
 
Majority in the bench has said that it can be passed as Money Bill. The Speakers decision can be challenged in court. 

Overall, this is a historic judgement
Sep 26, 2018
12:30 (IST)
Pronouncement concludes; 4-1 in favour of Aadhaar. Next judgment on live streaming of Supreme Court proceedings.
Sep 26, 2018
12:13 (IST)
Sep 26, 2018
12:08 (IST)
Aadhaar was Congress idea: Shashi Tharoor
"Aadhaar was Congress idea, we are not against it. But we were against how BJP govt extended it to all sorts of area. Why would you require Aadhaar for schools, exam, mobile connections," Congress MP Shashi Tharoor says.
Sep 26, 2018
12:05 (IST)
Aadhaar Verdict: PAN Linking For Income Tax Stands, Bank Account Linking Set Aside
The Supreme Court has allowed linking of Aadhaar with PAN or Permanent Account Number, which is mandatory for filing of income tax return (ITR). The top court, however, ruled that it is not mandatory to link bank accounts with the 12-digit personal identification number. The Supreme Court said benefits under the Aadhaar project should be in the nature of welfare schemes and it cannot be made compulsory for services such as bank accounts, mobile connections or school admissions. The much-awaited verdict on the Aadhaar matter comes after several petitions had challenged the system on the grounds that it violates privacy. The top court, however, ruled that it is not mandatory to link bank accounts with the 12-digit personal identification number."
Sep 26, 2018
11:56 (IST)
Sep 26, 2018
11:52 (IST)
Passing of bill as Money Bill when it does not qualify as one is unconstitutional, violates Basic Structure, DY Chandrachud says.
Sep 26, 2018
11:47 (IST)
"I have not seen the complete Judgement...but so far most of the majority Judgement is fair," says Justice Puttaswamy, one of the petitioner in the case.
Sep 26, 2018
11:45 (IST)
Justice Chandrachud reading the judgement
  • Access confronts serious impediment
  • Digital nation must not submerge identity
  • Aadhaar raises questions. Technology violates human freedom
  • Decision of speaker to treat as Money Bill is amenable to judicial review
Sep 26, 2018
11:34 (IST)
Key takeaways of Aadhaar verdict
  • Aadhaar data obtained very minimal, benefits to marginal large
  • Private firms can't access Aadhaar data
  •  Aadhaar not compulsory for school admissions
  • No child can be denied benefits for want of Aadhaar
  • Aadhaar-PAN linking allowed
  • Aadhaar-bank account and mobile link struck down
Sep 26, 2018
11:32 (IST)
Aadhaar cannot be mandated for opening of bank accounts, Supreme Court. 

Aadhaar cannot be mandatory for mobile connections; DoT notification to that effect unconstitutional.
Sep 26, 2018
11:29 (IST)
Aadhaar can be passed as Money Bill, says Supreme Court
Sep 26, 2018
11:28 (IST)
Under Section 2(B), Supreme Court asks government to take measures not to give Aadhaar to illegal immigrants.

Sep 26, 2018
11:25 (IST)


  • School admissions not a benefit under Section 7, Aadhaar cannot be mandated for the same
  • No child shall be denied the benefit of any scheme, if by any mens, they are not able to submit Aadhaar
  • CBSE, NEFT, UGC cannot ask for Aadhaar
Sep 26, 2018
11:20 (IST)
Supreme Court turns down argument on exclusion. Lot of people who will benefit due to inclusion cannot be denied due to exclusion of few; Can't throw baby out with bathwater, Supreme Court.
Sep 26, 2018
11:18 (IST)
Benefits to marginalised sections outweigh harm, says Supreme Court
Sep 26, 2018
11:18 (IST)
Section 57 allows not only the state but also any "body corporate or person" or private entity to demand Aadhaar from citizens for the purpose of identification.

It is this provision that gives statutory support to mobile companies, private service providers to seek individuals' Aadhaar card for identification purposes.
Sep 26, 2018
11:14 (IST)
Justice AK Sikri reading out verdict
  • The Judgment also deals with Proportionality doctrine, compelling State interest and Strict Scrutiny Test
  • Concept of Human dignity has been enlarged in the judgment.
  • Authentication of records not to be kept for more than six months
  • Education has taken us from thumb impression to signature
  • Difficult to create a profile of persons with this data
  • Private parties can't seek Aadhaar data
Sep 26, 2018
11:05 (IST)
Sep 26, 2018
11:02 (IST)
The main plank of challenge to Aadhaar project and Aadhaar Act is that it infringes Right to Privacy, states Justice Sikri
Sep 26, 2018
11:02 (IST)
Justice Sikri states that heavy reliance has been placed on Privacy judgment of 2017.
Sep 26, 2018
10:59 (IST)
Justice Sikri on submissions of petitioner:
Attack on aadhaar by petitioners is based on violation of rights under Part III of the Constitution, will lead us to become a surveillance State.
Sep 26, 2018
10:56 (IST)
AK Sikri on the majority judgement
  • Architecture of Aadhaar reveals that UIDAI is statutory body given task of authentication.
  • Aadhaar treated as unique and cannot be assigned to any other person
  • Attack of the petitioners on the Aadhaar program is founded on the argument that it is a risk to the rights and privacy of citizens
Sep 26, 2018
10:53 (IST)
Justice AK Sikri is reading the judgment. He says that Chief Justice Misra and Justice AM Khanwilkar agree with him.

"Aadhaar most talked about expression in India and  aboard," he says
Sep 26, 2018
10:48 (IST)
Judges have arrived in the court.
Sep 26, 2018
10:47 (IST)
The bench comprising Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra and Justices AK Sikri, AM Khanwilkar, DY Chandrachud and Ashok Bhushan will pass the verdict in the case.
Sep 26, 2018
10:27 (IST)

"The judgement will have a far reaching effect because Aadhaar is relevant for a large number of subsidies. It is also relevant to plug loot and waste that has happened. I hope the judgement is in favour of Aadhaar," former Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi, who represented the government in the case, was quoted by news agency ANI.

"Data protection is very important and government has made it clear that it will protect the data. A law is also coming in this regard," he said.
Sep 26, 2018
10:19 (IST)
Court heard case for 38 days, hearing spread over 4 months
A decision on whether Aadhaar, or the national identity card, violates the Constitution, will be declared by five senior most judges of the Supreme Court today. For a record 38 days, the Supreme Court heard some 27 petitions that had challenged the constitutional validity of Aadhaar and called it a violation of the right to privacy."
Sep 26, 2018
10:12 (IST)
The Supreme Court is expected to give the verdict by 10:45 am.
Sep 26, 2018
10:11 (IST)
Aadhaar Verdict: Can Aadhaar Be Made Compulsory? Supreme Court Decision Today
A decision on whether Aadhaar, or the national identity card, violates the Constitution, will be declared by five senior most judges of the Supreme Court today. For a record 38 days, the Supreme Court heard some 27 petitions that had challenged the constitutional validity of Aadhaar and called it a violation of the right to privacy."
Sep 26, 2018
09:44 (IST)
Aadhaar hearing was one of the longest hearings in the Supreme Court, second only to Kesavananda Bharati case.
Sep 26, 2018
09:29 (IST)
The first petition challenging Aadhaar was filed as far back as in 2012. 
Sep 26, 2018
09:27 (IST)
The judgment will be pronounced by a Bench of Chief Justice of India, Dipak Misra and Justices AK Sikri, AM Khanwilkar, DY Chandrachud and Ashok Bhushan. 
Sep 26, 2018
09:07 (IST)
As of now Centre has issued 139 notifications, practically touching every aspect of a citizen's day-to-day life, making Aadhaar linking mandatory.
Sep 26, 2018
09:06 (IST)

The Centre had defended Aadhaar on several grounds - the biggest being that it ensured proper distribution of benefits to millions and prevented siphoning of funds. Aadhaar data, government and Aadhaar authority UIADI contended, is safe and cannot be breached.

Even Prime Minister Narendra Modi had come out in defence of Aadhaar, saying it represented the march of technology and those opposing it "have lagged behind in technology -- either they cannot understand or are purposely spreading lies".
Sep 26, 2018
09:01 (IST)
Justice (Retd) KS Puttaswamy 

  • He retired as Judge of the Karnataka High Court 
  • He is the oldest petitioner - 92 years 
  • Justice (Retd) KS Puttaswamy lives in Bangalore
  • He was born on 8 Feb 1926

Sudhir Vombatkere

  • She is a retired army officer
  • She was awarded Vishista seva medal in 1993 

Bezwada Wilson 

  • National Convenor of Safai Karamvhari Andoloan
  • She is a Raman Magsayay awardee

Professor Mrs Shantha Sinha 

Ex Chief of National Commission for Protection of Child Rights 

Dr Kalyani Menon

Activist working for the last 25 years on women's rights 

Aruna Roy 

Former IAS Officer and Social Activist 

Nikhil Dey

Part of Masdoor Kissan Shakti Sangathan 

Mathew Thomas 

79 year old retired from Defence services 

Reetika Khera is a former IIT Professor

Jean Dreze

  • Taught in London School of Economics
  • Visiting Professor Ranchi University
  • Authored book with Amartya Sen 

Jude Terence D'souza 

  • Securities and systems specialist
  • 35 years experience in electronic and embedded systems 

Samir  Kelekar 

  • MS in computer science
  • 34 years of experience including 16 years in computer security 

Anumeha Yadav - A journalist, who has previously worked in the Hindu, Indian Express and  Tehelka 
Sep 26, 2018
08:58 (IST)
Sep 26, 2018
08:49 (IST)
The five-judge constitution bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justice A.K. Sikri, Justice A.M. Khanwilkar, Justice D.Y. Chandrachud and Justice Ashok Bhushan had reserved the verdict after hearing the petitions for over 38 days starting January 17 this year.
Sep 26, 2018
08:35 (IST)
Who all have petitioned against Aadhaar:
The Supreme Court heard some 27 petitions that had challenged the constitutional validity of Aadhaar and called it a violation of the right to privacy. Some of the petitioners include seniors lawyers and also a former High Court judge.

Biggest lawyers in the country: 

Shyam Divan
Gopal Subramaniam
Kapil Sibal
P Chidambaram
Arvind Datar
KV Vishwanath
Anand Grover
Sajan Poovayya


Civil society: 

Former HC judge and Magsaysay awardee Shanta Sinha
Feminist researcher Kalyani Sen Menon
Social activists Aruna Roy, Nikhil De
IIT graduate Nachiket Udupa 
CPI leader Binoy Visman
Sep 26, 2018
08:23 (IST)
For a record 38 days, the top court heard some 27 petitions - including one by former High Court judge K S Puttaswamy - that had challenged the constitutional validity of Aadhaar and called it a violation of the right to privacy.
Sep 26, 2018
08:21 (IST)

Over one billion Indians have already signed up for Aadhaar, set up to be a secure form of digital identification for citizens to be used for government services.
Sep 26, 2018
08:20 (IST)
 The 12-digit Unique Identification Number was made compulsory for services including bank accounts, PAN cards, cellphone services, passport and even driving licenses.
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