"The decision of India in 2010 to launch the Aadhaar programme to enrol the biometric identifying data of all its 1.2 billion citizens was a critical step in enabling fairer access of the people to government benefits and services," the 2016 Report on the World Social Situation, released by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, said.
The report, released yesterday said, programmes such as Aadhaar have "tremendous potential to foster inclusion" by giving all people, including the poorest and most marginalised, an official identity.
"Fair and robust systems of legal identity and birth registration are recognised in the new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as an important foundation for promoting inclusive societies," it said.
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has already issued more than 108.27 crore Aadhaar numbers to the residents of India.
The report includes key new findings about persisting inequalities in education and economic opportunity and, challenges the international community to work harder to break down barriers to participation.
It said global social progress, while unprecedented, has not been evenly experienced.
Some 40 per cent of the world's population does not have access to education in a language they understand. Children of ethnic minorities and those who are disabled are much less likely to finish their primary and secondary educations, it added.
It examines key causes of social exclusion and identifies social, economic and political disadvantages that some groups face as a result.
The report concludes with concrete policy recommendations that are central to the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda.
"The Sustainable Development Goals recognise that development will only be sustainable if it is inclusive," said Wu Hongbo, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Development, adding: "Pursuing development grounded in social justice will be fundamental to achieving a socially, economically and environmentally sustainable future for everyone".
The report adds that in order to promote social inclusion, barriers to participation must be broken down by revising laws, policies, institutional practices, discriminatory attitudes and behaviours, and taking steps to ensure that participation is easier.
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