- World Kidney Day 2021 falls on 11 March
- 'Living Well With Kidney Disease', is the theme for the year 2021
- Consume a diet low in sodium to keep kidneys healthy
The World Kidney Day is observed on the 2nd Thursday of March each year with the primary objective of spreading awareness around the globe on the need for identifying kidney disease as a significant public health problem. Regular screening in high-risk group population helps in the early identification of the disease. The theme for World Kidney Day 2021 is 'Living Well with Kidney Disease'. To mark the day educative seminars, conferences and awareness runs are being organised. On World Kidney Day 2021, let us use this opportunity to spread awareness about the causes of kidney diseases and how these can be prevented.
World Kidney Day 2021: Know the causes of kidney diseases and how to prevent these
Causes of Kidney Diseases
The common causes of kidney disease include diabetes, high blood pressure, urine infections, kidney stones, excessive use of pain killers, kidney infection and others. Obesity, lack of physical exercise, not drinking enough water, smoking and family history, are also some of the risk factors.
How can you prevent kidney disease?
- Drink adequate amount of water, very less or excessive consumption of water are both harmful to your kidneys
- Avoid excess use of painkillers and over the counter medicines
- Avoid zealous use of protein supplements
- In case of urine infections or kidney stones do not neglect them and get them treated at the earliest
- Keep diabetes in control with adequate lifestyle and diet changes
- Smoking is harmful to the body in several ways and kidney is no exception
- Blood pressure should be routinely checked frequently as it is an early marker of kidney disease
Tips for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) patients
If you already have kidney disease you can control your problems up to great extent by keeping track of these tips.
1. Avoid excess sodium
CKD patients need to reduce overall salt intake. Sodium helps maintain the water level in the body but if the kidneys are not functioning well, extra Sodium can lead to water retention which can cause swollen ankles, high blood pressure, shortness of breath and more.
2. Reduce intake of phosphorus
Phosphorus can be found in meat, poultry, nuts and beans. When kidneys are damaged, they are unable to discharge phosphorus you don't need and this leads to a higher risk of heart disease.
3. Avoid food with extra potassium
Found in bananas, potatoes, tomatoes, oranges and melons and a host of other fruits, potassium needs to be avoided as the kidney cannot filter out the extra potassium and it can lead to an excess of it in your blood. Reduce your overall sodium intake throughout the day.
Take note of these and live well with kidney diseases.
(Dr. Ravi Bansal is Senior Consultant - Nephrology at PSRI Hospital, New Delhi)
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. NDTV is not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information on this article. All information is provided on an as-is basis. The information, facts or opinions appearing in the article do not reflect the views of NDTV and NDTV does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.