- Men are at a higher risk of developing health ailments in the long run
- Long-term alcohol use can change brain functions
- Responses of the brain to were stimulated by magnetic pulses
All the participants were between the age of 23 and 28 at the time the measurements were taken. The team examined the responses of the brain to being stimulated by magnetic pulses that are known as Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), which is responsible to activate brain neurons. The brain activity was measured by using Electroencephalogram (EEG). The results showed that young men and women reacted differently, with males showing a greater increase in electrical activity in the brain in response to a TMS pulse.
"We found more changes in brain electrical activity in male subjects, than in females, which was a surprise, as we expected it would be the other way around. This means that male brain electrical functioning is changed more than female brains with long-term alcohol use," said Outi Kaarre from University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital, Finland. "There are two types of GABA receptors, A and B. Long-term alcohol use affects neurotransmission through both types in males, but only one type, GABA-A, is affected in females," Kaarre added.
With Inputs from IANS
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