Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) and Banaras Hindu University (BHU) are among the 5 Central Universities which have been granted the autonomy, that means these institutes 'will have the freedom to start new courses, off campus centers, skill development courses, research parks and any other new academic programs. They will also have the freedom to hire foreign faculty, enroll foreign students, give incentive based emoluments to the faculty, enter into academic collaborations and run open distance learning programmes.'
By granting autonomy, 'the Government is striving to introduce a liberalized regime in the education sector and emphasis is on linking autonomy with quality,' said Prakash Javadekar.
University of Hyderabad, The English and Foreign Languages University (Telangana) and Aligarh Muslim University have also been granted the status by UGC.
Under the UGC for grant of graded autonomy regulations 2018, Universities are categorized into three categories. While a score of 3.51 or above is the criteria for placing a University in category 1, it is 3.26-3.50 for category 2. Those Universities which do not come under both the categories come under category 3.
Twenty five category 1 Universities have been granted the autonomy by UGC.
OP Jindal Global University, Haryana and Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gujarat with NAAC score 3.26 and 3.39, respectively are the only two private Universities in the list.
With the grant of autonomy, Universities in category 1 like JNU, BHU can engage in academic collaboration with foreign institutions in top 500 of Times Higher Education World University Rankings or QS Rankings or top 200 of discipline specific ranking in Times Higher Education World University Rankings or QS Rankings.
These Universities can also 'may open research parks, incubation centres, university society linkage centres, in self-financing mode, either on its own or in partnership with private partners, without approval of Commission,' reads the regulation.
University Teachers Slam UGC Autonomy Move, Call It A Ploy To Wash Hands Off Grants
On the other hand, Regulations on Autonomous Colleges and Graded Autonomy had received a stern backlash from teachers and students. Teacher associations have called it as another way to commercialise public funded institutions.
According to them, with the introduction of graded autonomy, higher educational institutions would turn to teaching shops.
On 16 February, thousands of students, teachers participated in Shiksha Bachao (Save Education) joint rally of DUTA, DUCKU, DUSU, FEDCUTA and AIFUCTO.
"Higher fees will increase the economic burden on parents and students and put education out of the reach of students from economically and socially marginalised sections of our society as well as women. It will also make education of the basic and core areas of humanities, social sciences and sciences unsustainable," the teachers warned in a statement.
List of Universities Given Autonomy By UGC
|Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi|
|Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi|
|The English and Foreign Languages University, Telangana|
|University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad|
|Aligarh Muslim University , Aligarh|
|Jadavpur University, Jadavpur, Kolkata|
|Algappa University, Karaikudi|
|NALSAR University of Law, Telangana|
|SavitribaiPhule Pune University, Pune|
|Andhra University, Visakhapatnam|
|National Law University Delhi, Dwarka|
|Utkal University, Bhubaneswar|
|Osmania University, Hyderabad|
|Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar|
|University of Jammu, Jammu|
|University of Mysore, Mysuru|
|Anna University, Chennai|
|Punjab University, Chandigarh|
|Kakatiya University, Warangal|
|Punjabi University, Patiala|
|Rajiv Gandhi University of Law, Patiala|
|National Law University Odisha, Cuttack|
|University of Madras, Chennai|
|Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati|
|Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar|
|Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra|
|Deemed To Be Universities|
|Homi Bhabha National Institute Mumbai, Maharashtra|
|Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha,|
Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh
|Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management (GITAM), Visakhapatnam, AP|
|Narsee Monjee Institute of Studies, Mumbai, Maharashtra|
|Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu|
|Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra|
|Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra|
|TERI School of Advanced Studies, New Delhi|
|Jain University, Bangalore, Karnataka|
|Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT), Bhubaneswar, Odisha|
|JSS Academy of Higher Education & Research, Mysore, Karnataka|
|Symbiosis International, Pune, Maharashtra|
|Dr. M.G.R. Educational and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu|
|Padmashree Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra|
|The Indian Law Institute, New Delhi|
|Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan, Bhubaneswar, Odisha|
|Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu|
|Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy (SASTRA)Thanjavur, TN|
|ICFAI Foundation for Higher Education and Research, Hyderabad, Telangana|
|Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, Maharashtra|
|Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra|
|Manipal Academy of Higher Education|
|KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Belgaum, Karnataka|
|Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu|
|O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, Haryana|
|Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat|
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