For those who are not aware of August Wilhelm von Hofmann, he had hypothesized how it might be possible to synthesise quinine. Quinine was an expensive natural substance which was instrumental in the treatment of malaria. Perkin, who had become one of Hofmann's assistants, began to conduct a series of experiments to synthesise quinine.
It was during his series of experiments which were primarily conducted at a crude lab in his apartment, he accidentally discovered 'mauveine'. He sent the samples of the substance he had discovered to a dye works in Perth, Scotland and received promising reply. After this he patented the product in his name, and all this at the age of 18.
His discovery came at a time when England was undergoing industrial revolution. His dye became popular due to multiple factors which included adoption of a similar color by Queen Victoria of England.
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