19 others, from the US, the UK, Philippines, Hungary, South Africa have been selected.
Preethi Herman and the other fellows "will collaborate, exchange and inspire a wave of civic innovation," the foundation said. She was earlier named as one of the 25 women transforming India as part of the #WomenTransform initiative by the Niti Aayog, MyGov.in and the United Nations.
The foundation said Ms Herman is equipping a new movement of female leaders to engage their communities in addressing India's toughest problems.
"I'll be working with a group of civic innovators from around the world to inspire people to get involved in their communities. I can't wait to get started," Ms Herman tweeted.
When Barack Obama visited India in December last year, he said his trip was part of his single-biggest post-Presidency mission: to help form the next generation of leadership, not only in the US but across the world.
Mr Obama addressed close to 300 young leaders from across the country at a town hall. "The single most important thing I want to focus on is the next generation of leadership. That's the central goal of the foundation," he had said.