India recently expanded a visa-on-arrival scheme to include 43 countries - among them Australia, Brazil, Germany and the US.
The liberalized visa regime will eventually be extended to 180 countries, aimed to help India improve its dismal record in attracting international tourist visits.
As a proud Indian and a believer in efficient processes, I cannot be happier for my foreign comrades. Bravo, I say.
But before we hand out congratulatory high-fives all around, may I be so audacious as to point out something? I'm confident I speak on behalf of all Indians when I do so.
I'm talking about the simple, time-honored concept of reciprocity and, more specifically, the lack thereof.
The world may be becoming a global village. And, indeed, people may be travelling beyond borders more than ever before.
But let's not fool ourselves - for many there are also more bureaucratic barriers to international travel than ever before. It's just that those that can travel easily have been too busy taking their privilege for granted to notice.
We live in a world where, if you're lucky enough to be born in the right place, you can pretty much waltz into any country that tickles your fancy. But heaven knows if you're from the developing world, you don't have the luxury of being as spontaneous.
Even as the Narendra Modi government seems to be moving full steam ahead in implementing reform that will benefit foreigners visiting India, for many Indians, these countries cannot take reciprocal steps soon enough.
For the curious, if you don't hail from a rich country, there is an all-too-familiar-yet-ever-strenuous process before being allowed to set foot abroad.
The following are some of the standard documents one needs to compile:
- travel itineraries
- hotel reservations
- invitation letters
- official letters of undertaking
- proof of insurance
- recent salary documentation
- bank statements
- tax clearance certificates
- letters from your employer
- your host's immigration, employment and financial details
Indeed, the<a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/343241/2014_08_Visitor_Documents.pdf" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"> supporting documents checklist </a> can be virtually endless.
If you're really lucky - like me - you'll even be asked to provide police clearance certificates. That's where the thumb rule "innocent until proven guilty" is thrown out of the window. The fact that even to this day one is presumed to be a criminal until you produce documents from the police stating otherwise beggars belief.
In the developing world, visas are accepted as a fact of life. In countries like India and China, the quest for this necessary evil has spawned an entire industry of agents and advisers who collect and push your papers for you.
Many have the art of visa applications down to a science. Some even approach it as a competitive sport. Yet there's always a lingering tension - will you get your visa or won't you? All sorts of worries, some more rational than others, plague your mind.
Is your bank balance big enough? Will some mean-spirited visa officer who had a bad breakfast that morning or a fight with the spouse the night before take it all out on your application? Will you end up becoming a sorry statistic? After all, embassies must have rejection targets too.
If the anxiety fails to age you horribly, the treatment meted out to you in embassies never fails to make you feel like a worm and/or a fool for wanting to set foot in another country.
Nevertheless, the drama is considered part of the build-up to any trip abroad. Should you get your passport back with a shiny visa sticker in it, you rejoice, pump your fists in the air and praise the lord.
Nothing makes you cherish a journey more than an arduous visa application process. Any one from the developing world will tell you so.
Are current visa rules for people from developing countries reflective of a changing global reality? While illegal emigration is a legitimate global concern, should tourist visas be as big a problem?
No one denies that in every country there are an unscrupulous few who abuse the system, overstay their visas or "vanish" once abroad, some Indians being no exception.
But the answer cannot be painting a fifth of humanity with the same broad brush. There must be smarter ways of distinguishing between genuine travelers and those seeking to run away.
Especially keeping in mind that despite the recent global slowdown, countries like China and India boast GDP growth rates that debt-ridden Europe and the US can only dream of.
Inflation and equitable distribution of wealth remain major challenges. Yet the middle class in emerging nations is expanding quickly, as is their disposable income. A culture of being thrifty also means developing country folks often have substantial savings stashed away for a rainy day.
Emboldened by this economic progress, emerging nations are slowly but surely flexing their muscles on the global stage. They are certainly less tolerant when pushed around.
A case in point: after the US removed Brazil from its visa waiver program, Brazil in 2004 returned the favor by demanding visas from and fingerprinting visiting US citizens.
In late 2010, the UK decided its embassy in Brussels would no longer entertain visa applications from people living in Belgium, directing them to Paris instead. So India reciprocated half a year later by refusing to process visas for UK nationals in Belgium, directing them to London instead.
As of mid-2014, the UK restarted accepting visa applications in Brussels... in an office open two mornings a week and at an additional cost of 75 Euros.
Are such tit-for-tat measures the solution? Not in the long run, since they would lead to protectionism and be detrimental to growth.
Most from the developing world would find the "retaliatory" visa process for first-world citizens a joke since it's largely a formality and not even a fraction of the pain they go through.
For example, if your country isn't yet part of India's e-visa scheme, all that's basically asked is a valid passport, local residence card, completed application form, photos and money.
(Though, lately, Indian visa centers abroad are demanding proof of residence dating back two years, which is tough when you've just moved to a new city. And if you happen to be a journalist, things can take longer even if your trip is purely for pleasure).
Not to forget, things are slowly but surely changing for Indians as well, with up to 50 countries and territories now offering us visas on arrival. Last week, France announced it would open 8 new visa centers in India and process applications within 48 hours. One can only hope more nations follow suit.
This article was originally published on <a href="http://www.theglobalist.com/india-to-the-world-visa-reciprocity-please/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"> The Globalist </a>
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