"The cabinet gave its nod to Aadhaar (Target Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Bill, 2016, which was passed by Parliament," Law and Parliamentary Affairs Minister T B Jayachandra told reporters in Bengaluru on Monday.
The legislation was passed in 2016, as a money bill amid protests from Congress and opposition parties.
Congress leader Mallikarjun Kharge had alleged that the bill was converted into a money bill, which does not need the approval of Rajya Sabha.
The bill will provide for "good governance, efficient, transparent, and targeted delivery of subsidies, benefits and services, the expenditure for which is incurred from the Consolidated Fund of India, to individuals residing in India through assigning of unique identity numbers to such individuals."
Karnataka governor Vajubhai Vala will address the session.
The state budget session will be held from February 16 to 28, he added.
Chief Minister Siddaramiah will be presenting his last budget before the state goes for assembly elections this year.
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