- NSG, a 48-nation group, trades in civil nuclear technology
- India wants to join NSG to back its drive for nuclear power plants
- New Delhi has failed to win over China that enjoys a de facto veto
New Delhi last month said it had held "substantive" talks with Beijing on its attempt to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group, a 48-member grouping of countries that trades in civil nuclear technology.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi is campaigning to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group to back a multi-billion-dollar drive to build nuclear power plants in partnership with Russia, the United States and France, and reduce India's reliance on polluting fossil fuels.
Yet his bid to win accession to the group, founded in response to India's first atomic weapons test in 1974, has failed to win over China, which enjoys a de facto veto because it operates by consensus.
Speaking to reporters ahead of a visit to India this week by Chinese President Xi Jinping for a summit of the BRICS group of emerging nations in Goa, Vice Foreign Minister Li Baodong said new NSG members needed to be agreed upon by all existing members.
"These rules were not set by China," Li said.
"On the issue of joining the NSG, China and India have all along had very good communications, and (China) is willing to have further communications with the Indian side, to increase consensus," he said.
"On this, China is willing to jointly explore all kinds of possibilities with India, but this must accord with the charter of the NSG, and certain rules need to be respected by all sides," Li said, without elaborating.
India has ruled out signing the NPT but says its track record of non-proliferation should entitle it to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group. India was granted an NSG waiver in 2008 that allows it to engage in nuclear commerce, but deprives it of a vote in the organisation's decision making.
Backers of India's NSG bid, who include the United States, hope a deal can be reached despite a setback at the group's annual meeting in Seoul in June.
President Xi will also visit Bangladesh and Cambodia on his Asian trip.
The BRICS group of emerging nations include Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
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