The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting said it had asked for a review of the show by an independent broadcasting authority after it received a petition questioning the influence the soap would have on viewers.
"There were numerous complaints about the content of the show and we sent it for review," said an official in the ministry, requesting anonymity.
The last episode of the show 'Pehredar Piya Ki' ('Husband's Guard') was aired on Friday, ending weeks of controversy over its portrayal of child marriage, which though illegal remains widespread in many parts of the country.
The legal age for marriage in India is 18 for women and 21 for men.
India has been cracking down on child marriage and campaigners said such portrayals in the media could dent progress.
The petitioner Mansi Jain questioned the influence the soap would have and said it showed the child perform marriage rituals such as putting vermillion on the older actor playing his wife.
In a statement issued on Monday, Sony Entertainment Television said it had pulled the programme off air.