Member countries in the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation include China, India, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Pakistan.
Sushma Swaraj, who arrived in Beijing three days ahead of the SCO meet, along with National Security Advisor Ajit Doval and Indian Ambassador to China Gautam Bambawale have laid the groundwork for a meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping later this week.
Reinforcing the positive momentum in our relationship! EAM @SushmaSwaraj warmly welcomed by Foreign Minister and State Councillor of China Wang Yi at the Diaoyutai State Guest House in Beijing ahead of their bilateral meeting. pic.twitter.com/wooyNLkpIH- Raveesh Kumar (@MEAIndia) April 22, 2018
The top-level meet between PM Modi and President Xi is aimed at deepening ties and ironing out issues in the aftermath of the Doklam standoff which had lasted 73 days (2 months, 1 week and 5 days). Both countries also aim to take forward their economic ties and progress on talks with regard to the boundary dispute. The main aim however, will be to build on trust between the two nations and their governments.
China on Monday said President Xi Jinping and Prime Minister Narendra Modi will also discuss the threat of rising protectionism and the unprecedented changes in the world in the past 100 years at their summit in Wuhan on April 27 and 28.
Bilateral ties between India and China have also soured because of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor which passes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, which is an integral part of India.
These are the first top ministerial-level meetings of the SCO after the admission of India and Pakistan as members last year. A number of issues, including regional security and terrorism were on the agenda for discussion at today's meetings. It also sets focus and prepares the agenda for the SCO summit in June.
Including his visit later this week, and should he visit again in June, Prime Minister Modi will have traveled to China five times in four years. President Xi Jinping has also traveled to India, and both leaders have met a couple of times overseas. This highlights the importance China and India give each other and in strengthening their ties.
(With inputs from PTI)