The bank alleged that the sugar refiner "dishonestly and fraudulently diverted" a Rs 148 crore loan sanctioned in 2011 for financing cane farmers for private use, a statement issued by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) said.
The case comes at a time when the Indian banking sector is getting to grips with its biggest banking fraud totalling Rs 11,400 crore, in which the second-largest state-run lender Punjab National Bank of PNB has alleged that two of its employees colluded with firms linked to celebrity jeweller Nirav Modi and his uncle, Mehul Choksi.
This is the second case in three days registered by the CBI upon complaints from the Oriental Bank of Commerce.
The police have registered a case against several top officials of Simbhaoli Sugar, including its chairman and managing director, chief executive and chief financial officer, some unknown bank officials, and other private persons.
On top of this, the bank also sanctioned a corporate loan of Rs 110 crore to the company in May 2015 "under multiple banking agreements" which turned into a bad loan 18 months later, the statement said.
Chief Executive Officer GSC Rao and Chief Financial Officer Sanjay Tapriya of Simbhaoli Sugar were not immediately reachable for comment.
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