Yad Vashem started out as an organisation in 1953 on the slopes of the Mount of Remembrance near Jerusalem, as a form of reference to future generations, documenting the memory of Holocaust victims and the history of the Jewish people during the tragic time.
The museum occupies over 4,200 square metres - mainly underground - and emphasises the experiences of victims through artefacts, survivor testimonies and personal possessions.
At Yad Vashem, the leaders spent time at the Hall of Names containing photographs and names of Holocaust victims pic.twitter.com/d9zRuPJMeR- Gopal Baglay (@MEAIndia) July 4, 2017
Shaped as a prism penetrating the mountain, the new Yad Vashem opened in 2005. Its architecture sets the atmosphere for the nine chilling galleries of interactive historical displays which present the Holocaust in several ways.
The museum leads into the Hall of Names, which contains more than three million names of Holocaust victims submitted by their families and relatives.
The Holocaust was the killing of some six million Jews, including some 1.5 million children, by Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany. Though the persecution of Jews began in 1933, the mass murder was committed during World War Two that was fought for a little over four years.
On his arrival, PM Modi was greeted by Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu along with the top tier of Israel's leadership - known as 'segel aleph'. PM Modi's three-day visit to Israel is the first by an Indian Prime Minister.