- India called the exercise "lacking any credibility"
- Kulbhushan Jadhav's mother stopped from talking in mother tongue
- Mr Jadhav "was under considerable stress", India said
Mr Jadhav, 47, met his wife Chetankul and mother Avanti Jadhav for around 45 minutes across a glass screen yesterday. Arrested last year, Mr Jadhav was sentenced to death in April on charges of spying after what India called a "kangaroo court".
Pakistan's foreign office incessantly tweeted photos of the meeting, calling it a "grand gesture".
The family returned last evening and met with Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj, ministers of state MJ Akbar and VK Singh and officials today. Hours later, New Delhi came out with an official response.
Pakistan violated the "letter and spirit of our understandings", said foreign ministry spokesperson Raveesh Kumar.
Mr Jadhav's family handled the meeting "with great courage and fortitude", said Mr Kumar, accusing Pakistan of using it to try and "bolster a false and unsubstantiated narrative of Mr Jadhav's alleged activities".
The cultural and religious sensibilities of the family were disregarded, said the official, when "under the pretext of security precautions... they were asked to remove their mangal-sutra, bangles and bindi" and also change their clothes.
"For some inexplicable reason, despite her repeated requests, the shoes of the wife of Mr Jadhav were not returned to her after the meeting. We would caution against any mischievous intent in this regard," said Mr Kumar.
India also sought to set the record straight on Mr Jadhav, who was heard expressing gratitude to Pakistan for arranging the meeting in a video played repeatedly by Pakistani officials yesterday.
Mr Jadhav "was under considerable stress and speaking in an atmosphere of coercion. Most of his remarks were clearly tutored and designed to perpetuate the false narrative of his alleged activities in Pakistan. His appearance also raises questions of his health and well-being", said the spokesperson.
The meeting has been viewed in India as choreographed propaganda by Islamabad, which repeated old allegations that India has strongly rubbished.
India says the family was taken to the meeting without the Indian Deputy High Commissioner, who could join only after "pressing the matter" with officials.
Photos tweeted by Pakistan showed Mr Jadhav sitting across his family, apparently communicating through intercom, with officials present, no physical contact allowed.