The issue was raised by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj during extensive talks with her Iraqi counterpart Ibrahim al-Jaafari, who began a five-day India visit today, nearly two weeks after Mosul was liberated from ISIS by Iraqi forces.
"We don't know whether they are dead or alive. We are equally concerned. There is no substantial evidence whether they are alive or not. We are making the best efforts," the Iraqi foreign minister told reporters about the Indians abducted in Mosul.
In a meeting with the relatives of the abducted Indians last week, Ms Swaraj had said they might be languishing in a jail in Badush in northwest of Mosul where fighting was going on.
However, a media report from Badush on Friday said the jail is now an abandoned structure and has been unoccupied for weeks.
Ms Swaraj is likely to make a detailed statement in Parliament tomorrow about her meeting with her Iraqi counterpart.
The volume of bilateral trade in 2016-17 was nearly USD 13 billion. Iraq contributes significantly to India's energy security and is the second largest supplier of crude oil to India in 2016-17 with a total volume of over 37 MMT.
The Iraqi foreign minister also met Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan.
India had requested Iraq to locate the 39 missing Indians, mostly from Punjab, after Iraqi forces recaptured Mosul from ISIS.
Minister of State for External Affairs V K Singh was also sent to Iraq days after the Iraqi prime minister announced victory in the fight to liberate Mosul.