Justice Prakash Deu Naik allowed an application filed by Mr Shah, founder and chairman of 63 Moons (formerly Financial Technologies of India Ltd), challenging a September 2017 order of a special CBI court rejecting his application seeking return of his passport.
Justice Naik, in his order passed on June 4, said the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) had only powers to seize the passport not impound it.
He, however, said the passport authority was at liberty to initiate action under section 10(3) of the Passport Act to impound the government-issued key document which is required to travel abroad.
The judge said the CBI ought to have handed over the seized document to the passport authority under provisions of section 10 (3) of the Passport Act.
Referring to a Supreme Court order, the High Court noted the Central agency does not have jurisdiction to impound a passport and such powers lie only with the passport authority, a body formed under the Act.
"In the present case, the CBI, under the guise of seizure of the passport, has retained the same for almost three years, which amounts to impounding and not permissible under law," Justice Naik said, adding the agency's action was "contrary to law".
The investigating agency may have powers to seize a passport under section 102 of the Criminal Procedure Code, but does not have powers to impound it under section 10 (3) of the Passport Act, he said.
The order, however, clarifies that Shah will have to adhere to the conditions laid down by the special CBI court while granting him bail one of which is he will have to take prior permission from the court for travelling out of India.
The CBI had seized the passport in March 2014, a month after it registered a case related to the scam and booked Mr Shah and others under various provisions of the Indian Penal Code like criminal conspiracy and cheating, among others.
In December 2016, the agency filed its charge-sheet in the scam. In May 2017, Mr Shah approached the special court seeking return of the passport on the ground the investigation in the case was complete and that the document has been in the CBI's possession for three years.
Mr Shah said when he was granted bail, the special court had said if he wanted to travel abroad, he will have to seek its permission.
The CBI had opposed the application on the ground that the offence was serious in nature and that there was a likelihood of Mr Shah absconding.
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