- China has blocked India's efforts to blacklist Masood Azhar
- Syed Akbaruddin had said clock was "ticking" for Masood Azhar
- China is a permanent member of the UN Security Council
Ms Swaraj spoke about how pious resolutions to condemn and fight terrorism at international fora had become rituals and for some years, the self-interest of some countries had "led them towards duplicity".
Pushing for the comprehensive pact on international terrorism proposed by India in 1996, she lamented that the United Nations had not been able to agree on the definition of terrorism for over 20 years.
"If we cannot agree to define our enemy, how can we fight together? If we continue to differentiate between good terrorists and bad terrorists, how can we fight together?" Sushma Swaraj asked, before making an oblique reference to Masood Azhar case.
"If even the United Nations Security Council cannot agree on the listing of terrorists, how can we fight together?" she said.
India had accused the Jaish-E-Mohammed led by Masood Azhar of two deadly terror attacks last year - on an air force base in Pathankot in January, and at an army camp in Uri in September. 26 military personnel were killed in the two strikes.
New Delhi has been critical of Security Council for being "indecisive" on sanctioning leaders of organisations it itself designates as terrorist entities and blamed the top UN body of being stuck in a "time warp and politics".
Last week, Syed Akbaruddin, India's Ambassador to the United Nations, had, however, indicated that time was running out for the Jaish chief. The clock, he said, was "ticking" for Masood Azhar" and India will "pursue him till the ends of justice are met".
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