- Coffee lovers, imagine yourself without your daily caffeine kick
- Climate change could cause coffee producing areas to drop
- There are two varieties of coffee- Robusta and Arabica
A new analysis reveals that climate change could cause coffee producing areas in America to drop production by roughly 80 percent. But the remaining productivity might drop even further unless we ensure the crops have access to pollinators. Only two varieties of coffee are cultivated. One of them is called Robusta. It's more tolerant of heat and holds up better to pests, so it can be grown across a lot of regions in the tropics. The other variety is Arabica that provides richer flavour that most of us associate with coffee. This type of coffee is extremely fussy about the climatic conditions.
The researchers have developed Robusta and Arabica hybrid strains, however, plants take about four years to start producing beans, so improving the crop through breeding is a long term endeavour.
The research also reveals that the world's largest coffee producing regions could shrink by as much as 88 percent by the year 2050.
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