Four former chief ministers - Babulal Marandi, Arjun Munda and Madhu Koda and outgoing Chief Minister Hemant Soren - lost.
BJP's CP Singh retained the Ranchi seat, a constituency he has been representing since 1996.He defeated JMM's Mahua Maji, a former chairperson of Jharkhand State Women's Commission, by 58,756 votes.
Mr Alam, who won the Pakur constituency in 2000 and 2005 as Congress candidate, lost the seat to JMM's Akil Akhtar in 2009.
After defeating Mr Akhtar by over 18,000 votes today, he said, "My priorities are to bring electricity to all areas of my constituency and reviving a hospital."
"Win or loss is a political procedure. I accept the defeat." Mr Bhokta later said.
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