The House voted 406-3 for the bill that would take several steps toward shielding athletes from abuses such as those suffered by scores of female gymnasts in the United States over many years.
Last week, former USOC doctor Larry Nassar was sentenced to up to 175 years in prison after being convicted of sexually abusing female athletes.
Nassar last November pleaded guilty to 10 counts of first-degree sexual assault.
A similar version of the legislation passed the Senate last November. But minor changes made by the House require a second Senate vote on passage before it can become law.
There has been no official comment from the White House on the legislation and whether President Donald Trump would sign it.
The "Protecting Young Victims from Sexual Abuse and Safe Sport Authorization Act" would require that employees or volunteers of the USOC promptly report allegations of abuse to law enforcement authorities.
The Indianapolis Star newspaper initially reported that Nassar had engaged in the illegal activities for decades, disguising the sexual abuse as medical treatment.
U.S. Olympic officials have announced that an independent investigation would be launched into how USA Gymnastics and the USOC failed to stop Nassar's activities.
The legislation also lays out damages that victims can seek in civil suits related to cases of abuse.
(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)