In an email on Wednesday, the Pakistani Taliban spokesman Mohammad Khurasani claimed the attack was justified because the Pakistani army has allegedly long been killing innocent children and families of their fighters. (Inside the Peshawar School Where Young Children Were Shot)
Shattered families today held mass burials for the young lives lost in the worst-ever terror attack in Pakistan. (Anger And Grief As Pakistan Buries Students Massacred at Peshawar School)
Analysts say now pressure will mount on politicians and generals who have long been tolerant of militants they counted as strategic assets in their rivalry with India and jostle for influence in Afghanistan. (Nawaz Sharif Announces National Plan to Combat Terrorism)
"There have been national leaders who been apologetic about the Taliban," said Sherry Rehman, a former envoy to Washington and prominent opposition politician. "People will have to stop equivocating and come together in the face of national tragedy." (Will Wage War on Terror Till Not a Single Terrorist Left in Pakistan: Nawaz Sharif)
(Another photo of the men who attacked the school in Peshawar)
Outrage over the killing of so many children is likely to seriously erode sympathy for militants in a country where many people have long been suspicious of the US-led "war on terror", and spur the army to intensify an offensive it launched this year on havens in mountains along the Afghan border.
Army chief Raheel Sharif has already signalled that retaliation would follow. (Pakistan Army Chief Raheel Sharif Visits Kabul After Peshawar School Attack)
Pakistan's Taliban, whose nominal unity has frayed this year with the emergence of competing factions, are distinct from the Afghan Taliban. But the groups are linked, and share the goals of toppling their respective governments and setting up a strict Islamist state across the region. (How Pakistan Taliban Became a Deadly Force)
Widening the offensive against the Pakistan Taliban could include "hot pursuit" by the military across the porous border into Afghanistan, where many Pakistani militants hide. That could put at risk a recent rapprochement between Islamabad and Kabul.
Pakistan's Dawn newspaper quoted a source as saying that the school attackers were acting on orders from handlers in Afghanistan.