The Taliban entered Afghanistan capital Kabul on Sunday and Western-backed President Ashraf Ghani left the country, with the terrorists saying they were seeking complete power.
Two officials from the Islamist group told Reuters there would be no transitional government following their lighting sweep across Afghanistan that led back to the capital two decades after the Taliban was overthrown by US-led forces. Taliban fighters entered the presidential palace and took control of it, two senior Taliban commanders in Kabul said. The Afghan government did not confirm this.
American diplomats were evacuated from their embassy by helicopter to the airport as local Afghan forces, trained for years and equipped by the United States and others for billions of dollars, melted away.
Mr Ghani's destination was uncertain: a senior Interior Ministry official said he had left for Tajikistan, while a Foreign Ministry official said his location was unknown and the Taliban said it was checking his whereabouts.
Some local social media users branded him a "coward" for leaving them in chaos.Taliban fighters reached Kabul "from all sides", the senior Interior Ministry official told Reuters and there were some reports of sporadic gunfire around the city.
A Kabul hospital said more than 40 people wounded in clashes on the outskirts were being treated, but there did not appear to be major fighting.
It was not clear yet how power would be transferred. The Taliban said it was waiting for the Western-backed government to surrender peacefully. "Taliban fighters are to be on standby on all entrances of Kabul until a peaceful and satisfactory transfer of power is agreed," said spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid. The government's acting interior minister, Abdul Sattar Mirzakawal, said power would be handed over to a transitional administration. "There won't be an attack on the city, it is agreed that there will be a peaceful handover," he tweeted.
Many Afghans fear the Taliban will return to past harsh practices in their imposition of Sharia, or Islamic law.
During their 1996-2001 rule, women could not work and punishments such as stoning, whipping and hanging were administered. The militants sought to project a more moderate face, promising to respect women's rights and protect both foreigners and Afghans.
"We assure the people, particularly in the city of Kabul, that their properties, their lives are safe," he told the BBC, saying a transfer of power was expected in days. Many of Kabul's streets were choked by cars and people either trying to rush home or reach the airport, residents said. "Some people have left their keys in the car and have started walking to the airport," one resident told Reuters.
Another said: "People are all going home in fear of fighting." Early on Sunday, refugees from Taliban-controlled provinces were seen unloading belongings from taxis and families stood outside embassy gates, while the city's downtown was packed with people stocking up on supplies. US officials said diplomats were being ferried by helicopters to the airport from its embassy in the fortified Wazir Akbar Khan district.
An official for the transatlantic NATO alliance said several European Union staff had moved to a safer location in Kabul. US troops were still arriving at the airport, amid concern that heavily armed Afghan security contractors could "mutiny" because they have not been assured Washington is committed to evacuating them, a person familiar with the issue said.
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said in Washington that the embassy was being moved to the airport and has a list of people to get out of harm's way. Asked if images of helicopters ferrying personnel were evocative of the United States' departure from Vietnam in 1975, Mr Blinken told ABC news: "Let's take a step back. This is manifestly not Saigon."
A NATO official said the alliance was helping to secure the airport and that a political solution was "now more urgent than ever".
Russia said it saw no need to evacuate its embassy for the time being.
Earlier on Sunday, the insurgents captured the eastern city of Jalalabad without a fight, giving them control of one of the main highways into landlocked Afghanistan. They also took over the nearby Torkham border post with Pakistan, leaving Kabul airport the only way out of Afghanistan still in government hands."Allowing passage to the Taliban was the only way to save civilian lives," a Jalalabad-based Afghan official told Reuters.
Iran said it had set up camps along the Afghan border to provide temporary refuge to Afghans fleeing their country. Three diplomatic sources said Ali Ahmad Jalali, a US-based academic and former Afghan interior minister, could be named head of an interim administration in Kabul, though it was unclear whether the Taliban had agreed.
In 2009, he was barred from running for president after refusing to give up his US citizenship.
President Joe Biden on Saturday authorised the deployment of 5,000 US troops to help evacuate citizens and ensure an "orderly and safe" drawdown of military personnel. Mr Biden said his administration had told Taliban officials in talks in Qatar that any action that put US personnel at risk "will be met with a swift and strong US military response." He has faced rising domestic criticism after sticking to a plan, initiated by his Republican predecessor Donald Trump, to end the US military mission in Afghanistan by August 31."An endless American presence in the middle of another country's civil conflict was not acceptable to me," Mr Biden said on Saturday.