"Peace and development are irreversible global trends. The United States, the country that owns the world's largest nuclear arsenal, should take the initiative to follow the trend instead of going against it," said China's Ministry of Defence in a statement on Sunday.
The review of U.S. nuclear policy has already riled Russia, which viewed the document as confrontational, and raised fears that it could increase the risk of miscalculation between the two countries.
The U.S. military has put countering China and Russia, dubbed "revisionist powers", at the centre of a new national defence strategy unveiled earlier this month.
By expanding its own low-yield nuclear capability, the U.S. would deter Russia from using nuclear weapons, say American officials.
"We hope that the United States will abandon its Cold War mentality, earnestly assume its special disarmament responsibilities, correctly understand China's strategic intentions and objectively view China's national defense and military build-up...," the ministry said in the statement posted on its website.
It called on the U.S. to work together with China and for their armies to become a stabilizing factor in Sino-U.S. relations and in the region.
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